The Relationships and Characteristics between Generic Skills and Undergraduates' Individual Variables

대학생 일반핵심능력과 개인 변인의 관계 및 특성

  • Received : 2015.09.08
  • Accepted : 2016.01.05
  • Published : 2016.01.31


This study examined the relationships and characteristics between generic skills and individual variables. The data from 187 students at a Korean university that participated in the Assessment of Higher Education Learning Outcomes (AHELO) feasibility study were utilized. The results indicated that there were no differences in generic skills according to gender, age, and grade point average (GPA). The field of study was the only variable showing a statistically significant difference in generic skills among the three groups. As a result of cluster analysis, four groups were formed based on the characteristics of generic skills. No differences in generic skills were observed among the four groups according to gender, age, and field of study. On the other hand, there was a statistically significant difference in generic skills among the four groups according to the GPA.


generic skills;individual variables;AHELO feasibility study


  1. J. Y. Choi, J. E. Chae, S. Y. Park, and K. S. Kim. "OECD AHELO Project in Korea(I)". Korea Education Development Institute. 2009.
  2. OECD. "OECD Feasibility Study Report Volume 1". 2012. Available From Paris. (assessed Oct. 10, 2014)
  3. Y. S. Song. "An Analysis of Variables Influencing on Undergraduates' Generic Skills- based on Results of AHELO Feasibility Study", Journal of Korean HRD Research. 10(3), pp. 109-131. 2015.
  4. J. Y. Choi and J. E. Chae. "OECD AHELO Project in Korea(V)". Korea Education Development Institute. 2013.
  5. D. I. Kim, H. S. Oh,, Y. S. Song, E. Y. Koh, S. M. Park, and E. H. Jung, "Exploring Students' Core Competencies in Higher Education from Professors' Perspectives: A Case Study of Seoul National University(SNU)", Asian Journal of Education, 10(2), pp.195-214, 2009. DOI:
  6. M. S. Jin, Y. M. Sohn and H. J. Chu.. "A Study on Development Plan of K-CESA for College Education Assessment", The Journal of Educational Administration, 29(4), 2011.
  7. S. Hambur, K. Rowe, and L. T Luc. "Graduate Skills Assessment-Stage One Validity Study". Australian Council for Educational Research. 2002.
  8. P. Badcock, P. Pattison, and K. Harris, "Developing Generic Skills Through University Study: A study of Arts, Science and Engineering in Australia". Higher Education, 60, pp.441-458. 2010. DOI:
  9. J. I. Lee. "A Study on University Students' Essential Skills and University Admission methods". Journal of Agricultural Education and Human Resource Development, 44(2), pp.73-96. 2012.
  10. J. I. Lee and J. H. Kim. "A Study on the Relationship between College Students' Essential Skills and Academic Achievement", The Journal of Vocational Education Research. 31(2), pp. 227-246. 2012.
  11. Y. W. Jun." Effects of Undergraduate Students' Individual Variables and College Life on the Changes of Core Competency", Master Degree Thesis of Seoul National University. 2014.
  12. P. G. Baek. " A Study on the Relationships and Characteristics between Korean Collegiate Essential Skills and Undergraduates' Individual Variant Factors", Korean Journal of General Education, 7(3), pp.349-387. 2013.
  13. J. Y. Choi, E. Y. Kim and H. N. Lim. "OECD AHELO Project in Korea(IV)". Korea Education Development Institute. 2012.
  14. OECD. "OECD Feasibility Study Report Volume 2". 2013. Available From Paris. Feb. 25, 2015)