- Volume 17 Issue 1
DOI QR Code
Suitability of a Group Behavioural Therapy Module for Workplace Smoking Cessation Programs in Malaysia: a Pilot Study
- Maarof, Muhammad Faizal ;
- Ali, Adliah Mhd ;
- Amit, Noh ;
- Bakry, Mohd Makmor ;
- Taha, Nur Akmar
- Published : 2016.02.05
In Malaysia, data on components suitability the established smoking cessation module is limited. This exploratory study aimed to evaluate the suitability of the components developed in the module for group behavioural therapy in workplace smoking cessation programs. Twenty staff were identified but only eight individuals were selected according to the study criteria during the recruitment period in May 2014. Focus group discussion was conducted to identify themes relevant to the behavioural issues among smokers. Thematic analysis yielded seven major themes which were reasons for regular smoking, reasons for quitting, comprehending smoking characteristics, quit attempt experiences, support and encouragement, learning new skills and behaviour, and preparing for lapse/relapse or difficult situations. As a result, the developed module was found to be relevant and suitable for use based on these themes.
Group behavioural therapy;smoking cessation;workplace;qualitative study;Malaysia
- Barker D, Bentz CJ, Bjornson W, et al (2002). Reimbursement for smoking cessation therapy: A healthcare practitioner's guide. https://www2.aap.org/richmondcenter/pdfs/PACTReimbursementforSmokingCessation.pdf.
- Bowen GA (2008). Naturalistic inquiry and the saturation concept: a research note. Qualitative Res, 8, 137-152. https://doi.org/10.1177/1468794107085301
- Braun V, Clarke V (2006). Using thematic analysis in Psychology. Qualitative Res Psychol, 3, 77-101. https://doi.org/10.1191/1478088706qp063oa
- Cahill K, Moher M, Lancaster T (2008). Workplace interventions for smoking cessation. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 4, 1-87.
- Development, Planning Division, Ministry of Health, Malaysia (2010). Country Health Plan: 10th Malaysia Plan 2011-2015. http:// www.moh.gov.my/images/gallery/Report/Country_health.pdf.
- Disease Control Division, Ministry of Health, Malaysia (2003). Clinical practice guidelines. treatment of tobacco smoking and dependence 2002. http://www.moh.gov.my/attachments/3996.pdf. Accessed September 20, 2013.
- Fasoro AA, Rampal L, Sherina MS, et al (2013). Prevalence of smoking and its associated factors among university staff. Malaysian J Med Health Sci, 9, 45-51.
- Fava JL, Velicer WF, Prochaska JO (1995). Applying the transtheoretical model to a representative sample of smokers. Addict Behav, 20, 189-203. https://doi.org/10.1016/0306-4603(94)00062-X
- Fiore MC, Bailey WC, Cohen SJ, et al (2008). Treating tobacco use and dependence.clinical practice guideline. rockville, md: u.s. department of health and human services. public health service. http://www.ahrq.gov/professionals/cliniciansproviders/guidelinesrecommendations/tobacco/clinicians/update/treating_tobacco_use08. pdf.
- Glasgow Community Health Partnership (CHP) Northwest Sector. NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde. Smoking cessation toolkit for young people: A toolkit for practitioners. http://www.nhsggcsmokefree.org.uk/smokefree-services/youngpeople.html. Accessed November 23, 2013.
- Hammond D, McDonald PW, Fong GT, et al (2004). Do smokers know how to quit? Knowledge and perceived effectiveness of cessation assistance as predictors of cessation behaviour. Addiction, 99, 1042-1048. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1360-0443.2004.00754.x
- Anderson C (2010). Presenting and evaluating qualitative research. Am J Pharm Educ, 74, 141. https://doi.org/10.5688/aj7408141
- Anon (2004). 'Programme to help workers quit smoking'. Metro Star July 22, 2004. Malaysian Pharmaceutical Society. Web. December 20, 2013.
- Health Education Division, Ministry of Health, Malaysia (2004). Modul latihan Kempen Cara Hidup Sihat Setting Tempat Kerja. http://www.infosihat.gov.my/infosihat/ kchs/KCHS_2005/pdf/manualMesej/Modul%20Latihan_BM.pdf.
- Institute for Public Health, Ministry of Health, Malaysia (2008). National Health and Morbidity Survey Volume 17, Smoking. Kuala Lumpur.
- Institute for Public Health, National Institute of Health, Ministry of Health, Malaysia (2012). Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS) Malaysia 2011. http://www.who.int/tobacco/surveillance/survey/gats/malaysia_country_report_2011.pdf.
- Lee ML, Hassali MA, Shafie AA, et al (2011). Challenges of Pharmacist-Managed Smoking Cessation Services-A Viewpoint. Nicotine Tobacco Res, 13, 504-5. https://doi.org/10.1093/ntr/ntr052
- Lee ML, Hassali MA, Shafie AA (2013). A qualitative exploration of the reasons for the discontinuation of smoking cessation treatment among Quit Smoking Clinics' defaulters and health care providers in Malaysia. Res Social Administrative Pharmacy, 9, 405-18. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sapharm.2012.05.010
- Lim KH, Sumarni MG, Amal NM, et al (2009). Tobacco use, knowledge and attitude among Malaysians age 18 and above. Tropical Biomedicine, 26, 92-99.
- Lim HK, S. Mohd Ghazali, Kee CC, et al (2013). Epidemiology of smoking among Malaysian adult males: prevalence and associated factors. BMC Public Health, 13, 8. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-13-8
- Lim KH, Normala I, Sumarni MG, et al (2013). Stages of smoking cessation among malaysian adults - findings from national health morbidity survey 2006. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 14, 805-10. https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2013.14.2.805
- Maguire TA, McElnay JC, Drummond A (2001). A randomized controlled trial of a smoking cessation intervention based in community pharmacies. Addict, 96, 325-31. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1360-0443.2001.96232516.x
- McEwen A, Hajek P, McRobbie H, et al (2007). Manual of smoking cessation. a guide for counsellors and practitioners. Oxford. Wiley-Blackwell.
- Michie S, Rumsey N, Fussell A, et al (2008). Improving health: changing behaviour. NHS health trainer handbook Manual. Department of Health Publications. Accessed December 24, 2014.
- Michie S, Churchill S, West R (2011). Identifying evidencebased competences required to deliver behavioural support for smoking cessation. Ann Behav Med, 41, 59-70. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12160-010-9235-z
- Norman GJ, Velicer WF, Fava JL, et al (1998). Dynamic typology clustering within the stages of change for smoking cessation. Addict Behav, 23, 139-53. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0306-4603(97)00039-7
- Pimple S, Pednekar M, Mazumdar P, et al (2012). Predictors of quitting tobacco - results of a worksite tobacco cessation service program among factory workers in mumbai, India. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 13, 533-8. https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2012.13.2.533
- Pope C, Ziebland S, Mays N (2000). Qualitative research in health care: analysing qualitative data. BMJ, 320, 114-6. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.320.7227.114
- Prochaska J, DiClemente C (1983). Stages and processes of selfchange of smoking: toward an integrative model of change. J Consult Clin Psychol, 51, 390-5. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.51.3.390
- Rohani I, Syed A (2011). Counselling intervention programme to improve knowledge and attitude towards smoking among adolescents in two districts in Selangor, Malaysia. Health Environment J, 2, 44-49.
- Rohrbaugh MJ, Shoham V, Trost S, et al (2001). Couple dynamics of change-resistant smoking: toward a family consultation model. Fam Process, 40, 15-31. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1545-5300.2001.4010100015.x
- Rosky J, Schmid LA, Lando HA (1996). Long-term associations of helpful and harmful spousal behaviors with smoking cessation. Addict Behavior, 21, 173-85. https://doi.org/10.1016/0306-4603(95)00047-X
- SchrOter M, Collins SE, Frittrang T, et al (2006). Randomized controlled trial of relapse prevention and a standard behavioral intervention with adult smokers. Addictive Behaviors, 31, 1259-64. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2005.08.004
- Smedslund G, Fisher KJ, Boles SM, et al (2004). The effectiveness of workplace smoking cessation programmes: a meta-analysis of recent studies. Tobacco Control, 13, 197-204. https://doi.org/10.1136/tc.2002.002915
- Stead LF, Lancaster T (2005). Group behaviour therapy programmes for smoking cessation. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 2.
- Syed Junid SMAJ (2007). Health care costs of smoking in Malaysia. http://www.seatca.org/dmdocuments/23_health_care_costs_of_smoking_in_malaysia.pdf.
- Tsoh JY, Tong EK, Gildengorin G, et al (2011). Individual and family factors associated with intention to quit among male Vietnamese American smokers: Implications for intervention development. Addictive Behaviors, 36, 294-301. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2010.11.009
- University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada; Universiti Sains Malaysia, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia; and Ministry of Health, Putrajaya, Malaysia (2012). The international tobacco control malaysia national report. findings from Wave 1 to 4 Surveys (2005-2009).
- Velicer W, Norman G, Fava J, et al (1999). Testing 40 predictions from the transtheoretical model. Addict Behav, 24, 455-69. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0306-4603(98)00100-2
- Wan Puteh SE, Abdul Aziz S, Syed Junid SMAJ, et al (2008). Patterns and predictors of smoking cessation among smokers attending smoking cessation clinincs in peninsular Malaysia. J Community Health, 14, 17-23.
- Yasin SM, Masilamani R, Ming MF, et al (2011). Predictors of smoking cessation among staff in public universities in Klang Valley, Malaysia. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 12, 811-6.
- Asvat Y, Cao D, Africk JJ, et al (2014). Feasibility and Effectiveness of a Community-Based Smoking Cessation Intervention in a Racially Diverse, Urban Smoker Cohort. Am J Public Health, 104, 620-627. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2014.302097
- Zwar N, Richmond R, Borland R, et al (2011). Supporting smoking cessation: a guide for health professionals. Melbourne: The Royal Australian College of General Practitioners. http://www.racgp.org.au/.
Supported by : Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia