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Efficacy of Different Nematicidal Compounds on Hatching and Mortality of Heterodera schachtii Infective Juveniles

  • Kim, Jeongeun (Department of Ecological Science, Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Mwamula, Abraham Okki (Department of Ecological Science, Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Kabir, Faisal (Department of Ecological Science, Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Shin, Jin Hee (Hanearl Science LTD.) ;
  • Choi, Young Hwa (School of Ecology and Environmental System, Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Lee, Jae-Kook (Crop Protection Division, National Academy of Agricultural Science, RDA) ;
  • Lee, DongWoon (Department of Ecological Science, Kyungpook National University)
  • Received : 2016.11.01
  • Accepted : 2016.11.29
  • Published : 2016.12.31

Abstract

Effect of nematicidal compounds on hatchability of sugar beet cyst nematode, Heterodera schachtii and its infective juveniles was investigated. The sugar beet cyst nematode was isolated from Chinese cabbage field in Samcheok in Korea. Acute toxicity of nematicidal compounds against infective juveniles was also tested to find the $LC_{50}$ by exposing juveniles to given dilutions of each compound. Hatchability and mortality of infective juveniles of H. schachtii were influenced by nematicidal compounds (Fluopyram 40% SC, imicyafos 30% SC, fosthiazate 30% SC, abamectine 1.68% SC, terthiophene, and Eclipta prostrata extract). Fluopyram and imicyafos yielded the lowest rates of hatching. Total hatched infective juveniles were significantly different among nematicidal compounds. Positive correlation in percentage reduction of hatching was observed in fluopyram. Furthermore, the highest mortality was also observed in the treatments of fluopyram and imicyafos ($LC_{50}$ of 0.0543 and 0.0178 ppm respectively). The study, therefore, demonstrated available alternative nematicidal compounds which could be used in the control of H. schachtii.

Acknowledgement

Grant : Research Program for Agriculture Science and Technology Development

Supported by : Rural Development of Administration

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