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Reduction Effects of Residual Pesticides using the Eco-friendly Soil Amendments in Agricultural Soil

환경친화적 토양개량제의 농경지 중 잔류농약 경감효과

  • Lee, Hyo Sub (Chemical Safety Division, National Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Hong, Su Myeong (Chemical Safety Division, National Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Kim, Taek Kyum (Research Policy Bureau, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Kwon, Hye Young (Chemical Safety Division, National Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Kim, Dan Bi (Chemical Safety Division, National Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Moon, Byeong Chul (Chemical Safety Division, National Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Moon, Joon Kwan (Department of Plant Life and Environmental Sciences, Hankyong National University)
  • 이효섭 (농촌진흥청 국립농업과학원 화학물질안전과) ;
  • 홍수명 (농촌진흥청 국립농업과학원 화학물질안전과) ;
  • 김택겸 (농촌진흥청 연구정책국) ;
  • 권혜영 (농촌진흥청 국립농업과학원 화학물질안전과) ;
  • 김단비 (농촌진흥청 국립농업과학원 화학물질안전과) ;
  • 문병철 (농촌진흥청 국립농업과학원 화학물질안전과) ;
  • 문준관 (한경대학교 식물생명환경과학과)
  • Received : 2016.10.12
  • Accepted : 2016.11.25
  • Published : 2016.12.31

Abstract

This study investigated the reduction of residual pesticide in soil by using eight kinds of soil amendments such as shell, quick lime, dolomite, silicic acid, leaf mold, oil cake, bed soil and husk. A total of ten pesticides most frequently detected in agricultural soil were selected (azoxystrobin etc.) and soil amendments were treated in soils at a 2% application rate and incubated for 7 days. Pesticides were analyzed by HPLC-MS/MS with QuEChERS-based sample preparation procedure and pH was measured on 1, 3 and 7 days. This study showed that, soil amemdments were effective in reducing pesticides after 7days of incubation. Over 90% of azoxystrobin, cadusafos, chlorpyrifos, fluquinconazole, imidacloprid, isoprothiolane and procymidone were decomposed from soils amended with 2% quick lime, whereas the concentration of boscalid, dimethomorph and triycyclazole were not decreased. The soil pH increased to 12.8-12.9 in soil amended with quick lime, but other soil conditioners did not change the soil pH. Quick lime was particularly effective in reducing residual pesticides.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 농촌진흥청

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