Lysimachia foenum-graecum Herba Extract, a Novel Biopesticide, Inhibits ABC Transporter Genes and Mycelial Growth of Magnaporthe oryzae

  • Received : 2015.08.13
  • Accepted : 2015.11.02
  • Published : 2016.02.01


To identify a novel biopesticide controlling rice blast disease caused by Magnaporthe oryzae, 700 plant extracts were evaluated for their inhibitory effects on mycelial growth of M. oryzae. The L. foenum-graecum Herba extract showed the lowest inhibition concentration ($IC_{50}$) of $39.28{\mu}g/ml$, which is lower than the $IC_{50}$ of blasticidin S ($63.06{\mu}g/ml$), a conventional fungicide for rice blast disease. When treatments were combined, the $IC_{50}$ of blasticidin S was dramatically reduced to $10.67{\mu}g/ml$. Since ABC transporter genes are involved in fungicide resistance of many organisms, we performed RT-PCR to investigate the transcriptional changes of 40 ABC transporter family genes of M. oryzae treated with the plant extract, blasticidin S, and tetrandrine, a recognized ABC transporter inhibitor. Four ABC transporter genes were prominently activated by blasticidin S treatment, but were suppressed by combinational treatment of blasticidin S with the plant extract, or with tetrandrine that didn't show cellular toxicity by itself in this study. Mycelial death was detected via confocal microscopy at 24 h after plant extract treatment. Finally, subsequent rice field study revealed that the plant extract had high control efficacy of 63.3% and should be considered a biopesticide for rice blast disease. These results showed that extract of L. foenum graecum Herba suppresses M. oryzae ABC transporter genes inducing mycelial death and therefore may be a potent novel biopesticide.


ABC transporter gene;biopesticide;blasticidin S;fungicide resistance;Lysimachia foenum-graecum Herba;Magnaporthe oryzae;plant extract;rice blast disease


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