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Freeze Cast Porous Mullite Ceramics and Recycling of Coal Fly Ash

동결주조 다공질 뮬라이트 세라믹스의 제조와 석탄회의 재활용

  • Received : 2015.10.02
  • Accepted : 2015.12.28
  • Published : 2016.02.27

Abstract

In order to fabricate porous mullite ceramics with controlled pore structure and improved mechanical strength, a freeze casting route has been processed using camphene mixed with tertiary-butyl alcohol (TBA) and coal fly ash/alumina as the solvent and the ceramic material, respectively. After sintering, the solidification characteristics of camphene and TBA solvent were evident in the pore morphology, i.e., dendritic and straight pore channels formed along the solidification directions of camphene and TBA ice, respectively, after sublimation. Also, the presence of microcracks was observed in the bodies sintered at $1500^{\circ}C$, mainly due to the difference in solidification volume change between camphene and TBA. The compressive strength of the sintered bodies was found generally to be dependent, in an inverse manner, on the porosity, which was mainly determined by the processing conditions. After sintering at $1300{\sim}1500^{\circ}C$ with 30~50 wt% solid loading, the resulting mullite ceramics showed porosity and compressive strength values in ranges of 83.8~43.1% and 3.7~206.8 MPa, respectively.

Keywords

mullite ceramics;camphene;TBA;freeze casting;coal fly ash

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Acknowledgement

Supported by : Pusan National University