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Effects of Health Status and Health Management on Activities of Daily Living among Urban-Dwelling Older Koreans

도시 재가노인의 건강상태, 건강관리형태 및 일상생활수행능력

  • Received : 2015.10.28
  • Accepted : 2016.02.08
  • Published : 2016.02.28

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of health status and health management on activities of daily living (ADL) in older, urban-dwelling Koreans. Methods: A total of 206 subjects were recruited from one senior welfare center, six senior citizen centers, and subjects' home in two cities. Data was collected with self-reported questionnaires in order to measure health management, health status, and ADL. Data was analyzed by t-test, ANOVA, and stepwise multiple linear regression using SPSS/WIN 22.0. Results: ADL in this subject were different depending on their age, education, marital status, type of family, and average monthly living expenses. Multivariate analysis showed that age (${\beta}=-0.35$, p<.001), exercise ability (${\beta}=0.20$, p<.001), diabetes (${\beta}=-0.17$, p<.001), osteoarthritis (${\beta}=-0.15$, p<.001), caregiver (${\beta}=0.14$, p=.005), frequency of health management (${\beta}=-0.13$, p=.006), smoking (${\beta}=-0.11$, p=.019), hypertension (${\beta}=-0.10$, p=.027), and type of family (${\beta}=-0.10$, p=.036) were significantly associated with ADL. Overall, approximately 60.2% of total variability in ADL could be explained by the 11 variables in this model ($R^2=0.602$, F=32.06, p<.001). Conclusion: This study suggests that individualized health care should be continued for older, community-dwelling Koreans in order to improve their ADL. Moreover, we need to develop self-care programs and encourage them to participate in those programs.

Keywords

Health status;Health care;Activities of daily living;Aged

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Acknowledgement

Supported by : 성신여자대학교