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Effect of Various Pear Cultivars at Different Fruit Development Stages on Antioxidant and Whitening Activities

배 품종별 생육 단계에 따른 산화방지 및 미백 효과

  • Yim, Sun-Hee (Pear Research Station, National Institute of Horticultural and Herbal Science) ;
  • Cho, Kwang-Sik (Pear Research Station, National Institute of Horticultural and Herbal Science) ;
  • Choi, Jin-Ho (Pear Research Station, National Institute of Horticultural and Herbal Science) ;
  • Lee, Ju-Hyun (Pear Research Station, National Institute of Horticultural and Herbal Science) ;
  • Kim, Myung-Su (Pear Research Station, National Institute of Horticultural and Herbal Science) ;
  • Lee, ByulHaNa (Pear Research Station, National Institute of Horticultural and Herbal Science)
  • 임순희 (국립원예특작과학원 배연구소) ;
  • 조광식 (국립원예특작과학원 배연구소) ;
  • 최진호 (국립원예특작과학원 배연구소) ;
  • 이주현 (국립원예특작과학원 배연구소) ;
  • 김명수 (국립원예특작과학원 배연구소) ;
  • 이별하나 (국립원예특작과학원 배연구소)
  • Received : 2015.06.05
  • Accepted : 2015.11.06
  • Published : 2016.02.29

Abstract

This study was carried out to investigate the total polyphenols, antioxidant activities, and melanin synthesis inhibition of several pear cultivars (Pyruspyrifolia). The total polypenolic content of five pear cultivars was high in the unripe developmental stage. Total polyphenolic content of the Chuwhangbae cultivar extract was higher than that of other pear cultivars regardless of the developmental stage. However, the total flavonoid content did not differ between cultivars or developmental stages. The phenolic compound, arbutin has an inhibitory effect on melanogenesis. Arbutin levels in pear cultivars declined as the fruit matured. The free radical scavenging activity of the extract also decreased as the fruit ripened. In B16F10 mouse melanoma cells, most of the cultivar extracts inhibited melanin synthesis by about 50% at a $100{\mu}g{\cdot}mL^{-1}$ concentration, except in the Gamcheonbae extract until 90 days after full bloom. We have confirmed that the extract of pear cultivars have antioxidant activity and skin-whitening effects.

Keywords

arbutin;cytotoxicity;melanin;Pyrus pyrifolia;total polyphenolic content

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 농촌진흥청

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