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Study on the Measurement of GHG Emissions and Error Analysis in Form the MSW Incineration Plant Equipment with the Recovery Heat System (2009~2013)

폐열회수시설이 설비된 생활폐기물 소각자원화시설 온실가스 배출량 산정 시 오차분석 (2009~2013)

  • 최원근 (호서대학교 기후변화융합기술학과) ;
  • 서란숙 (호서대학교 항공서비스학과) ;
  • 박승철 (한국환경공단)
  • Received : 2015.08.31
  • Accepted : 2015.12.08
  • Published : 2016.02.29

Abstract

This study aims to analyze region-specific trends in changing greenhouse gas emissions in incineration plants of local government where waste heat generated during incineration are reused for the recent five years (2009 to 2013). The greenhouse gas generated from the incineration plants is largely $CO_2$ with a small amount of $CH_4$ and $N_2O$. Most of the incineration plants operated by local government produce steam with waste heat generated from incineration to produce electricity or reuse it for hot water/heating and resident convenience. And steam in some industrial complexes is supplied to companies who require it for obtaining resources for local government or incineration plants. All incineration plants, research targets of this study, are using LNG or diesel fuel as auxiliary fuel for incinerating wastes and some of the facilities are using LFG(Landfill Gas). The calculation of greenhouse gas generated during waste incineration was according to the Local Government's Greenhouse Emissions Calculation Guideline. As a result of calculation, the total amount of greenhouse gas released from all incineration plants for five years was about $3,174,000tCO_2eq$. To look at it by year, the biggest amount was about $877,000tCO_2eq$ in 2013. To look at it by region, Gyeonggido showed the biggest amount (about $163,000tCO_2eq$ annually) and the greenhouse gas emissions per capita was the highest in Ulsan Metropolitan City(about $154kCO_2eq$ annually). As a result of greenhouse gas emissions calculation, some incineration plants showed more emissions by heat recovery than by incineration, which rather reduced the total amount of greenhouse gas emissions. For more accurate calculation of greenhouse gas emissions in the future, input data management system needs to be improved.

Keywords

Municipal solid waste;Daily waste incinerating facility;GHG;Recovery heat

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 환경부

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