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Changes in Quality of Hanwoo Bottom Round under Different Freezing and Thawing Conditions

한우육의 냉동 및 해동 조건에 따른 품질 변화

  • Chun, Ho Hyun (Advanced Process Technology and Fermentation Research Group, World Institute of Kimchi) ;
  • Choi, Eun Ji (Advanced Process Technology and Fermentation Research Group, World Institute of Kimchi) ;
  • Han, Ae Ri (Advanced Process Technology and Fermentation Research Group, World Institute of Kimchi) ;
  • Chung, Young Bae (Advanced Process Technology and Fermentation Research Group, World Institute of Kimchi) ;
  • Kim, Jin Se (Postharvest Engineering Division, National Academy of Agricultural Science, RDA) ;
  • Park, Suk Ho (Postharvest Engineering Division, National Academy of Agricultural Science, RDA)
  • 천호현 (세계김치연구소 신공정발효연구단) ;
  • 최은지 (세계김치연구소 신공정발효연구단) ;
  • 한애리 (세계김치연구소 신공정발효연구단) ;
  • 정영배 (세계김치연구소 신공정발효연구단) ;
  • 김진세 (농촌진흥청 국립농업과학원 수확후관리공학과) ;
  • 박석호 (농촌진흥청 국립농업과학원 수확후관리공학과)
  • Received : 2015.10.16
  • Accepted : 2015.12.23
  • Published : 2016.02.29

Abstract

This study examined the effects of freezing and thawing conditions on quality of Hanwoo bottom round. The beef samples were frozen by air blast freezing at $-20^{\circ}C$ or ethanol immersion freezing at $-70^{\circ}C$ and then stored at $-20^{\circ}C$ for 10 days. After 10 days of storage, the frozen samples were thawed with air blast thawing at $4^{\circ}C$ or water immersion thawing at $4^{\circ}C$ and subjected to subsequent analyses of drip loss, water holding capacity, thiobarbituric acid reactive substance (TBARS), volatile basic nitrogen (VBN), total aerobic bacteria, and microstructure. Drip loss significantly increased in samples treated with air blast freezing compared to ethanol immersion freezing, whereas freezing and thawing processes had no significant impact on water holding capacity of the samples. Thawing conditions had a much stronger influence on the TBARS and VBN of the samples than freezing conditions. There was no significant difference in the population of total aerobic bacteria among the four samples subjected to one freeze-thaw cycle. In addition, to analyze the effects of freeze-thaw cycle on the quality of beef, three freeze-thaw cycles were performed during storage. Multiple freeze-thaw cycles increased drip loss, TBARS, and VBN and decreased water holding capacity, accelerating microstructural damage. These data indicate that Hanwoo bottom round can be rapidly frozen and thawed by using ethanol immersion freezing and water immersion thawing methods with minimal impact on meat quality.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 농촌진흥청

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