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Relationship between intake of energy and protein and permanent teeth caries

에너지 및 단백질 섭취와 영구치 우식과의 관련성

  • Kim, Han-Na (Department of Dental Hygiene, College of Health Sciences, Cheongju University)
  • 김한나 (청주대학교 치위생학과)
  • Received : 2016.10.24
  • Accepted : 2016.12.08
  • Published : 2016.12.30

Abstract

Objectives: This study aims to evaluate the association between intake of energy, calcium and protein and permanent teeth caries in Korean children. Methods: Research data were obtained from the Fifth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) and 1,274 Korean children within 9 to 12 years were selected as subjects for the study. The DMFT index, nutrition factors including total energy and protein intake, and degree of calcium intake were identified Chi-square test was performed to assess the difference of distribution in socioeconomic status, oral health behavior and nutrition factors according to sex. Multilevel linear regression analysis was performed to identify the relationship between DMFT index and the related variables. Results: Significant differences in energy, protein and Ca intake were confirmed according to the sex. Among 10 year-old children who intake total energy less than the recommended had few dental caries (p=0.058, ${\beta}=-0.411$). In addition, 11-year-old children having protein intake more than the recommended experienced dental caries (p=0.02, ${\beta}=0.588$). Conclusions: These results suggest that, there is significant differences between intake of energy and protein and dental caries among Korean children. However, further researches is needed to confirm between intake of energy and protein as a related factor.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 청주대학교

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