The Metonymic Realism of the 2014 Venice Biennale of Architecture

2014 베니스 비엔날레 건축전에 나타난 환유적 리얼리즘

  • Received : 2016.01.11
  • Accepted : 2016.02.01
  • Published : 2016.02.29


2014 Venice Biennale of Architecture, presented by general director Rem Koolhaas, has shown the distinct difference between his present displays and past displays. Under the theme of FUNDAMENTALS and ABSORBING MODERNITY, Rem Koolhaas has developed his own unique way which is a research-oriented display technique to explain the difference at the exhibition. The purpose of this study is to define a research-oriented display technique as realism rhetoric for the opened dialectic and identify its aspect of a methodic approach. This report investigated not only Rem Koolhaas's thought and theoretical approach through his work but also the comparison of between his present and past displays. His display is based on the constellation of Central Pavilion, National Pavilions, and Arsenale display and reflected the reality of architecture in self-deception through the metonymical interaction of various facts and records. Rem Koolhaas called it the composition of contradiction. In his work, the spatial situation which is the present has been made with the intervention of historical events and has revived the reality of architecture. Also, the present is a montage of the strict control of architecture, the isolation from the architecture itself, and the autonomic communication with other fields. Finally, as a result of his work, Rem Koolhaas has shown that his display is not the end of phase but a phase of creation.


2014 Venice Biennale of Architecture;Rem Koolhaas;Research/Archive;Metonymic Realism;Opened Dialetic


  1. Gaham Allen, 송은영 역, 문제적 텍스트 롤랑/바르트, 앨피, 2010.6
  2. Gilbert Simondom, 김재희 역, 기술적 대상들의 존재양식에 대하여, 그린비, 2011.10
  3. Julia Kristeva, 김인환 역, 시적언어의 혁명, 동문선, 2000.5
  4. Th. W. Adorno,홍승용 역, 변증법 입문, 세창출판사, 2015.4
  5. Walter. Bemjamin, 최성만, 언어 일반과 인간의 언어에 대하여 번역자의 과제 외, 길, 2008
  6. 김도훈, 연극에서의 은유와 환유, 기호학연구, Vol.5 No.1, 1999
  7. 김주식, 환유의 언어 교육적 함축 연구, 언어과학연구, 제 60집, 2012
  8. 박주원, 언어와 정치, 21세기정치학회보, 제 19집 2호, 2009, 9
  9. 박영태, 성찰적 근대화 이후 건축의 전복적 미메시스 표현특성에 관한 연구, 홍익대 박사논문, 2013
  10. 이경창, '두 죽음 사이'의 건축', 건축평단, 2015 여름
  11. 이덕형, 환유적 이타성의 서술체계, 슬라브학보, Vol.12 No.2, 1997
  12. 이수은, 이동언, '낯설게 하기에 바탕을 둔 친숙화 하기'를 건축 이론화 하기 위한 시론, 대한건축학회 학술발표논문, 2003
  13. 임진수, 상징계-실재계-상상계, 프로이트 라캉학교, 파워북, 2012.6
  14. 조민석, 배형민, Crow's Eye View : The Korean Peninsula, ARCHILIFE, 2014
  15. 건축리포트 와이드 40, 2014 07-08
  16. SPACE, 201407, 560호
  17. SPACE, 201408, 561호