An Analysis of the Repetition Pattern in Green facade focusing on the Biophilic Design

벽면녹화의 패턴 표현방법에 따른 반복패턴 디자인 특성 분석

  • Received : 2015.12.30
  • Accepted : 2016.02.12
  • Published : 2016.02.29


Within green facades, the greening side of the wall is first recognized by people, leaving a visually lasting impression. As facades play a crucial factor in forming street image, their design can be considered most important. In modern days, 'patterns,' one of the popular elements of design, has developed into becoming a method of expressing architects' emotions or images as well as ways of seeking satisfaction. As opposed to recent overseas movement where patterned green facades have been widely utilized, the domestic trend still remains in outdoor green facades without patterns. This study, focusing on overseas patterned green facades, classifies the facade pattern's expressive methods into two greater parts, and four categories. Furthermore, among the elements and properties from Biophilic pattern guidelines, we specifically focus on 'Repetition Pattern,' which corresponds to 'Complexity & Order.' Biophilic design has the notion of pursuing an environment that aids modern people's comfort and well being. Providing information on patterned green facades that have largely gained popularity, this study also presents its aesthetic directions that may be applicable domestically in the future.


Pattern;Repetition pattern;Green facade;Green wall;Biophilic Design Pattern


  1. 이건호, 디자인통론, 유림문화사, 1986
  2. Alexander, Christopher. The nature of order: the process of creating life. Taylor & Francis, 2002
  3. Clare E. Horne, Geometric symmetry in patterns and tilings, Association with the Textile Institute, 2000
  4. Cris van Uffelen, Facade greenery -contemporary landscaping, Buraun publising AG, 2011
  5. Edward Osborne Wilson, Biophilia, Harvard College, 1984
  6. Jialin Tong, Living wall - Jngle the concrete, Design Media Publishing Limited, 2014
  7. Nick Robinson, Planting Design Handbook, 2004
  8. Patricia Rodemann, Pattern in interior environments - perception, psychology, and practice, John wiley & sons, INC, 1999
  9. Robinson Nick, Wu Jia-Hua, Planting design handbook, Ashgate publishing group, 2004
  10. S. Cannon-Brookes, K P Mansfield, The built revelation of change-innnovative facade design in Japan, proQuest LLC, 2013
  11. Stephen R. Kellert, Judith Heerwagen, Martin Mador, Biophilic Design: The Theory, Science and Practice of Bringing Buildings to Life, John Wiley & Sons, 2011
  12. Terrapin Bright Green LLC, 14patterns of Biophilic Design - Improving health & Well-being in the built environment, 2014
  13. 강화영, 자연형상을 이용한 반복패턴 연구 -William Morris의 작품을 중심으로-, 한국디자인트렌드학회, 제16권, 2007
  14. 고재원, 현대건축의 외피에서 나타나는 반복에 대한 연구, 건국대 건축공학과 석사논문, 2010
  15. 고재원, 현대건축에서 나타나는 반복성에 관한 연구 -외피를 중심으로-, 대한건축학회 학술발표대회, 제29권 제1호, 2009
  16. 권미정, 패턴 디자인에 있어서 반복원리의 적용방법 연구, 국민대 테크노디자인전문대학원 석사논문, 2011
  17. 김현정, 시메트리를 이용한 패턴디자인 교육연구 -실업계 고등학교 중심으로-, 국민대 교육대학원 석사논문, 2005
  18. 박영환, 벽면녹화에 대한 연구 및 사례조사, 홍익대 건축도시대학원 석사논문, 2011
  19. 박화수, 서울시내 건축물의 벽면녹화 실태분석 및 개선방안, 서울여대 석사논문, 2003
  20. 양은경 외 2명, 아파드 단지 계획에 있어서 벽면녹화의 적용 타당성 분석, 대한설비공학회 학술발표대회 논문집 2010
  21. 유승현 외 1명, 현대 초고층 건축물에 적용된 벽면녹화에 관한 연구-랜드마크 효과를 중심으로-, 대한건축학회 학술발표대회 논문집 2013
  22. 유지상, 패턴디자인의 소비자 감성변화 요인에 관한 연구, 홍익대 석사논문, 2007
  23. 이범재, 가로변 건축물이 가로환경에 미친 영향에 관한 연구, 대한건축학회 학술발표대회, 제9권 제5호, 1993
  24. 정지숙, 자연이미지 패턴 디자인 연구, 이화여대 디자인대학원 석사논문, 1997
  25. 정하임, 선과 반복구성을 활용한 장신구 조형성 연구, 서울과학기술대 산업대학원 석사논문, 2013
  26. 정희영, 벽면녹화 패턴디자인 분석을 위한 반복패턴 요소 연구, 대한건축학회 학술발표대회 논문집 2015
  27. Catherine O. Ryan, william D. Browning, Joseph O. Clancy, Scott L. Anderews, and Namita B. Kallianpukar, Biophilic design patterns - Emarging nature-based parameters for health and well-being ing the environment, Archnet-IJAR, 2014
  28. David Tilley, Green Facades: Ecologically Designed Vertical Vegetation Helps Create a Cleaner Environment, publications of the University of Maryland Extension and the Department of Environmental Science and Technology, 2014
  29. Eva R, Toussaint, Godfried T. Toussaint, What is Pattern?, Math, Music, Art, Architecture, Culture, 2014
  30. Karen M'closkey, Synthetic patterns: Fabricating landscapes in the age of green, 2013
  31. Joye, Y, Architectural lessons from environmental psychology: The case of biophilic architecture. Review of general psychology, 2007
  32. Manfred kohler, Green facade-a view back and some visions, Urban Ecosyst, 2008
  33. Nikos A. Salingaros, Why monotonous repetition is unsatisfying, The University of Texas at San Antonio, 2011
  34. Takuya Yamada, Effects of facade design on psycological evaluation -Contemporary commercial buildings-, 2010


Grant : BK21플러스

Supported by : 연세대학교