- Volume 17 Issue 2
Two types of oleophilic acrylic prepolymers were prepared by the solution copolymerization of either ethyl acrylate (EA) or lauryl acrylate (LA) with hydroxy ethyl acrylate (HEA). For the formation of oil-absorbent materials, a mixed solution of the prepolymer and hexamethylene diisocyanate (HDI) as a cross-linker in toluene was applied to polypropylene knit velvet fabric through the conventional pad-dry-cure procedure. The gel fraction of the crosslinked resin, EA-HEA-HDI, increased with increasing feed ratio of HEA to total acrylate or HDI concentration. The oil absorbancy and retention ratio of the prepared materials were compared according to the add-on ratio of resin to fabric, and were assessed with n-decane, toluene, soybean oil, lubricant and bunker C oil as test oils. The optimal oil absorbancy of the materials were observed at around 6% of the add-on ratio for all these oils except for soybean oil. On the other hand, the oil retention ratio increased as the add-on ratio increased. Futhermore, heavier and more viscous oil generally showed higher oil retention ratios. In addition, the oil absorbancy of the materials treated with LA-HEA-HDI resin was higher than that treated with EA-HEA-HDI resin, which showed that the acrylic resins are more absorptive with increasing length of their side alkyl chain.
Acrylic resin;Knit velvet fabric;Oil absorbency;Oil retention;Pad-dry-cure;Add-on ratio
- S. K. Lee, S. H. Kim, K. J. Lee and K. I. Shin, "Functional Treatment of Recycled Ultrafine Fibrous Nonwovens", Textile Sci. and Eng., vol. 42, no. 6, pp. 370-375, 2005.
- Y. H. Lee, J. S. Kim, D. H. Kim, M. S. Shin, Y. J. Jung, D. J. Lee and H. D. Kim, "Effect of Blend Ratio of PP/kapok Blend Nonwoven Fabrics on Oil Sorption Capacity", Environmental Tech., vol. 34, no. 24, pp. 3169-3175, 2013. DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09593330.2013.808242 https://doi.org/10.1080/09593330.2013.808242
- J. Wang, Y. Zheng and A. Wang, "Effect of Kapok Fiber Treated with Various Solvents on Oil Absorbency", Industrial Crops and Products, vol. 40, pp. 178-184, 2012. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2012.03.002 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2012.03.002
- H. S. Shin, J. H. Yoo and L. Jin, "A Study on Oil Absorption Rate and Oil Absorbency of Melt-blown Nonwoven", Textile Coloration and Finishing, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 257-263, 2010. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5764/tcf.2010.22.3.257 https://doi.org/10.5764/TCF.2010.22.3.257
- R. S. Rengasamy, Dipayan Das, C. Praba Karan, "Study of Oil Sorption Behavior of Filled and Structured Fiber Assemblies Made from Polypropylene, Kapok and Milkweed Fibers", J. Hazardous Materials, vol. 186, pp. 526-532, 2011. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2010.11.031 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2010.11.031
- R. D. Lelaune, C. W. Lindau and A. Jugsujinda, "Effectiveness of Nochar Solidifier Polymer in Removing Oil from Open Water in Coastral Wetlands", Spill Science and Technology Bulletin, vol 5, p.p 357-359, 1999. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1353-2561(99)00081-X
- A. M. Atta, K. F. Arndt, "Swelling and Network Parameters of High Oil Absorptive Network Based on 1-Octene and Isodecyl Acrylate Copolymers", J. of Applied Polymer Science, vol. 97, no. 1, pp. 80-91, 2005. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/app.21735 https://doi.org/10.1002/app.21735
- Y. S. Shin, H. Y. Cha, S. S. Park, J. W. Woo and J. S. Choi, "Oil-absorption Capacity of poly(2-ethylhexylacrylate) Polymer in the Presence of Ultrasonic Wave", J. Korean Ind. Eng. Chem., vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 326-329, 2002.
- S. C. Chang, S. H. Chun, M. S. Lee, K. B. Lee and J. S. Choi, "Oil-absorption Behaviors and Kinetics of Poly(dodecyl acrylate)", Applied Chemistry, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 141-143, 1999.
- T. Gomi, Y. Onda, S. Inaoka and T. Tamura, "Method for Removing Oil Dissolved in Water", Japanese patent no. 2554428, 1996.
- Y. Hozumi, T. Inaoka, T. Gomi, T. Goto, T. Uno and K. Rakutani, "Oil Absorbent Polymer and Use Therefor", US patent no. 5641847, 1997.
- H. Y. Cha, H. J. Jung, J. W. Woo, Y. S. Park, Y. W. Park and J. S. Choi, "Oil-Absorption Properties of Various Alkyl-substituted Acrylates", Applied Chemistry, vol 4, no. 2, pp. 61-64, 2000.
- Y. S. Shin. J. W. Woo. S. S. Park and J. S. Choi, "Oil-absorption and Thermodynamic Analysis of Poly(laurylacrylate) Polymer", HWAHAK KONGHAK, vol. 40, no.1, pp. 82-87, 2002.
- Y. M. Kim, H. G. Jeong, S. C. Kim, H. J. Shim and S. Y. Kim, "Effects of Meltblown Processing Conditions on the Physical Properties Polypropylene Fiber Web Fabrics(I)", J. of the Korean Fiber Soc., vol. 33, pp. 107-115, 1996.
- Y. Kang and S. Han, "Oil Absorption Effects of Organic Porous Materials", J. of the Korean Society of Safety, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 86-91, 2006.
- Y. H. Lee, J. H. Lee, S. J. Son, D. J. Lee, Y. J. Jung and H. D. Kim, "Structure and Oil Sorption Capacity of Kapok Fiber[Ceibapentandra (L) Gaertn.]", Textile Coloration and Finishing, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 210-218, 2011. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5764/tcf.2011.23.3.210 https://doi.org/10.5764/TCF.2011.23.3.210
Supported by : 청운대학교