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Study of the cumulative dental caries rate of pit and fissure sealant in community public health program: 3 years follow-up

3년간 추적연구에 의한 지역사회 치면열구전색사업의 누적치아우식발생률에 관한 연구

Jeon, Mae-Sook;Kim, Chang-Suk;Lee, Kyeong-Soo
전매숙;김창숙;이경수

  • Received : 2015.09.01
  • Accepted : 2016.01.25
  • Published : 2016.02.28

Abstract

Objectives: The purpose of the study was to investigate the cumulative dental caries rate of pit and fissure sealant in community public health program from 2005 to 2008 follow-up. Methods: The subjects were 4,768 students of 34 elementary schools in Gimcheon. The survey included direct oral examination and cumulative retention rate of pit and fissure sealant from 2005 to 2008. Data were analyzed using PASW statistical package version 18.0 and the level of significance was set at p<0.05. Results: The cumulative retention rate of sealant was 18%, 25%, and 33% after 1 year, 2 years, and 3 years, respectively. In addition, the cumulative retention rate of lower teeth was higher than that of upper teeth. Cumulative dental caries rate increased in sealed group and no sealed group. The cumulative dental caries rate decreased owing to tooth brushing frequency in sealed group and no sealed group. Conclusions: Regular and timely tooth brushing can maintain good oral health condition after tooth sealing. The school based oral health education can prevent loss of sealant and secondary caries.

Keywords

cumulative dental caries rate;follow-up;pit and fissure sealant

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