Improving GPS Vertical Error Using Barometric Altimeter

기압 고도계를 이용한 GPS 수직오차 개선

Kim, La-Woo;Choi, Kwang-Ho;Lim, Joon-Hoo;Yoo, Won-Jae;Lee, Hyung-Keun

  • Received : 2016.01.13
  • Accepted : 2016.02.11
  • Published : 2016.02.28


Accuracy of GPS (global positioning system) deteriorates dramatically or positioning is impossible in urban area occasionally since high-rise buildings and elevated roads make the reception of navigation signal very difficult so that number of visible satellites decreases. In these cases, vertical error usually becomes much larger than the horizontal error due to the intrinsic geometry of GPS satellites. To obtain more accurate and reliable height information, this paper proposes a hybrid method that combines GPS and a low-cost barometric altimeter. In the proposed method, the sea-level pressure and the sea-surface temperature are applied to the output of the altimeter. Next, the difference between the ellipsoid and the geoid is compensated. Finally, a simple Kalman filter combines the compensated barometric altitude and the GPS height. By static and car experiments, performance of the proposed method is evaluated. By the experiment results, it can be seen that the proposed method improves the altitude accuracy considerably.


GPS;Barometric altimeter;Vertical error;Kalman filter


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Supported by : 산업통상자원부