Establishment of Additional Protected Areas and Applying Payment for Ecosystem Services(PES) for Sustainability of Suncheonman-Bay

지속가능한 순천만을 위한 보호지역 확대와 정책적 활용을 위한 생태계 서비스 지불제(PES)의 적용

Mo, Yongwon;Park, Jin Han;Son, Yong-Hoon;Lee, Dong Kun

  • Received : 2015.10.29
  • Accepted : 2016.02.23
  • Published : 2016.02.29


Suncheonman-Bay and its surrounding areas play important roles as habitats for migratory birds. However, sustainable management of these areas is difficult because of the development pressure of private lands. Therefore, the areas surrounding Suncheonman-Bay must be classified as additional protected areas; for this, it is necessary to gather concrete and objective evidence and ensure protected area management. Further, compensation measures must be considered when acquiring a private property as an additional protected area. In this study, we distinguish protected areas, such as core, buffer, and transition areas, within a private area by using data from the Winter Waterbird Census of Korea and MARXAN software, a spatial conservation prioritization tool. We applied ecosystem services to apply Payment for Ecosystem services (PES) as compensation measures. Watershed conservation (supply), climate control (regulation), supporting habitats (support), and recreation (culture) etc. were evaluated by calculating the economic value of these ecosystem services. Eastern, western, and northern forests and rice fields of Suncheonman-Bay were shown to have a number of core areas for the preservation of endangered species. The ecosystem service value of the additional protected areas was estimated at 17.5 million KRW/ha/year. We believe that our study result could be used to establish protected areas to preserve major habitats, as well as include areas adjacent to such major habitats that play a vital role in endangered species conservation. In addition, through this study, we highlight the need for an objective basis to establish protected areas.


Systematic Conservation Planning;MARXAN;Endangered species;Winter Waterbird Census of Korea;Irreplaceability


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