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The effect of decylcyclopropene derivative on the softening of 'Fuyu' persimmon fruits

Decylcyclopropene 유도체가 부유 단감 과실의 연화에 미치는 영향

  • Received : 2014.11.13
  • Accepted : 2015.11.16
  • Published : 2016.02.28

Abstract

In order to develop a sprayable ethylene antagonist, unlike 1-methylcyclopropene (MCP), we synthesized 2-decylcyclopropene-1-carboxylic acid ethyl ester (DCPE) as a derivative of cyclopropene and tested its effect on the flesh softening of 'Fuyu' persimmon fruits. The fruits on trees were sprayed with $4{\cdot}10^{-4}$ M DCPE solution before harvest. After harvest, the persimmon fruits were stored at a low temperature for 1.5 months. The ripening progress of the fruits was then evaluated during storage at ambient temperature ($20^{\circ}C$). Flesh softening, a measure of ethylene response, was considerably delayed up to 7 days after DCPE treatment. However control fruits was rapidly softened after 3-day storage. The treatment effect of DCPE at $4{\cdot}10^{-4}$ M was also compared to that of 1-MCP at 1 ppm. DCPE was storable at refrigerated conditions for at least one month without any loss. The results show that DCPE could be a potential sprayable agent for the prevention of flesh softening of persimmon fruit.

Keywords

decylcyclopropene derivative;ethylene antagonist;Fuyu;flesh softening

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Acknowledgement

Supported by : 농촌진흥청