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오미자 추출액을 응고제로 이용한 백태 및 서리태 두부의 품질특성

Quality characteristics of white (Baktae) and black (Seoritae) soybean curds coagulated by Omija extract

  • 최찬익 (경북대학교 식품외식산업학과) ;
  • 문혜경 (경북대학교 공동실험실습관) ;
  • 이수원 (경북대학교 공동실험실습관) ;
  • 김종국 (경북대학교 식품외식산업학과)
  • Cheigh, Chan-Ick (Department of Food and Food Service Industry, Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Moon, Hey-Kyung (Center for Scientific Instruments, Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Lee, Su-Won (Center for Scientific Instruments, Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Kim, Jong-Kuk (Department of Food and Food Service Industry, Kyungpook National University)
  • 투고 : 2016.01.21
  • 심사 : 2016.02.01
  • 발행 : 2016.02.28

초록

다양한 생리활성을 가진 오미자 추출액을 천연응고제로 이용한 백태 및 서리태 두부의 이화학적 품질 특성 및 관능적 특성을 분석하고 오미자를 활용한 다양한 기능성 두부의 개발 및 기존의 화학응고제에 대한 오미자 추출액의 대체가능성을 비교 평가하였다. 오미자 추출액 첨가 백태 및 서리태 두부의 수분 및 회분 함량은 $MgCl_2$ 첨가구보다 낮았으나, 단백질 및 지방의 함량은 오미자 추출액 첨가구에서 높게 관찰되었으며, 색도는 전반적으로 두부 제조에 사용된 콩의 색깔에 따라 영향을 받은 것으로 확인되었다. pH는 오미자 추출액 첨가구에서 $MgCl_2$ 첨가구보다 높게 나타났으며, 당도 및 염도는 오미자 추출액 첨가구가 대조군보다 낮은 값을 보였다. 아미노산 함량은 모든 백태 및 서리태 시료에서 arginine이 가장 높게 관찰되었으나, 전반적으로 오미자 추출액 첨가구(3.74 및 3.71 mg/100 g)보다 $MgCl_2$ 첨가구(9.01 및 7.99 mg/100 g)에서 더 높은 값을 보였다. 무기질 함량은 백태 및 서리태 두부 모두 Ca, K, Mg, Na의 함량이 두 첨가구 모두에서 높은 값을 보였으며, 대체적으로 $MgCl_2$ 첨가구가 오미자 추출액 첨가구보다 높은 값을 나타내었다. 이들 두부에 대한 관능평가 결과, 모든 시료에서 오미자 추출액 첨가구가 색, 두부 고유의 향기, 두부 고유의 맛, 조직감에서 모두 $MgCl_2$ 첨가구보다 높은 점수를 얻었으며 전체적인 기호도 역시 $MgCl_2$ 첨가구보다 높은 점수를 나타내었다. 본 연구의 결과는 건강 기능성을 가진 오미자 추출액만을 첨가하여 두부를 응고시키고 제조하는 것이 가능함을 보여주고 있으며, 이는 건강에 대한 부정적인 측면을 갖는 화학응고제의 대체재로써 오미자 추출액 천연응고제의 상업적 활용 가능성을 제시하고 있다.

과제정보

연구 과제 주관 기관 : 경북대학교

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