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A Study on Walking Characteristics of Novices at Onboard Environments under Blackout Conditions in a Training Ship

선내 정전조건에서 승선환경 비숙련자의 이동특성 실험 연구

Hwang, Kwang-Il;Cho, Ik-Soon;Lee, Yun-Sok
황광일;조익순;이윤석

  • Received : 2015.11.06
  • Accepted : 2016.02.25
  • Published : 2016.02.28

Abstract

Because most of the passengers are not accustomed with onboard environments, it is very important to analyze and predict the behaviors' characteristics of passengers under disasters' conditions, and apply those results for making countermeasures. On this view point, this study focused on the walking characteristics of onboard-novices are tested and analyzed under blackout condition that has high possibility to happen. As a result, comparing to under normal lighting conditions, the waking times under blackout conditions are 155.8~247.1 % longer on full path, 56.9~331.7 % on corridors, 75.3~152.9 % on stairs, respectively. And under the same blackout conditions, walking times in cases of the exit guidance marks being attached on top side of walls saved times, like 21.6~24.0 % on full path, 37.7~58.9 % on corridors, 18.7~19.2 % on stairs, comparing to the cases of exit guidance marks being not attached. On the other hand, after tests under without exit guidance marks, 60.7% among respondents answered that internal structures like wall/stair (35.7 %) and handrail (25 %) are very helpful to decide way findings, and 28.6 % selected personal instincts is important. But 50 % responded that exit guide marks are effective to find ways, after the tests under with exit guidance marks.

Keywords

Vessel;Passenger ship;Blackout;Passenger;Crew;Walking speed

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