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초등학교 과학 교과서에 제시된 캐릭터 삽화의 역할 분석: 2009개정 과학과 4학년 교과서를 대상으로

Analysis of the Characters' Role Presenting Elementary School Science Textbook: Targeting the 2009 Revised Science 4th-Grade Textbook

  • 투고 : 2016.01.25
  • 심사 : 2016.02.26
  • 발행 : 2016.02.29

초록

본 연구에서는 2009개정 과학 교과서에 새롭게 추가된 캐릭터의 역할 범주화, 역할 및 발문 분석을 통해 과학 교과서에 사용된 캐릭터의 기초 정보를 제공하고 추후 교과서 제작에 참고할 수 있는 시사점을 알아보고자 하였다. 연구대상은 2009개정 초등학교 과학과 교육과정에 따라 개발된 과학 교과서 중 4학년 교과서이다. 분석방법은 분석 대상 선정 및 분석틀 개발, 캐릭터 역할 분석, 발문 분석이다. 연구 결과, 캐릭터의 역할 유형은 자료제공, 동기유발, 탐구 활동 안내, 탐구결과 순으로 활용되고 있는 것으로 나타났다. 과학 교과서 속 캐릭터를 영역별로 분석한 결과 생명 영역이 자유탐구, 에너지, 물질, 지구 영역보다 많이 활용되는 것으로 나타났다. 발문 유형 분석 결과는 확산적, 예상적, 적용적, 재인적 발문 순으로 나타났고 회상적, 평가적 발문은 없었다. 본 연구 결과는 그림과 텍스트의 결합 형태로 제시되는 캐릭터의 역할을 범주화하고 그 역할을 규명하여 실제 교과서 속에 활용된 캐릭터를 분석하였다는 점에서 의의가 있으며, 이는 앞으로 초등 과학 교과서를 구성하는 과정에서 보다 체계적이고 유기적인 캐릭터 활용에 시사점을 줄 것이라 판단된다.

키워드

캐릭터 역할;과학과 교과서;초등학교

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