Review of New Technologies' Energy Conservation Rate in High-Performance Buildings

High-Performance Buildings 구현을 위한 신기술 연구 동향 및 에너지 절감 효과 평가

  • Kim, Chul-Ho (Department of Architecture, Korea University) ;
  • Yang, Ja-Kang (Department of Architecture, Korea University) ;
  • Lee, Seung-Eon (Korea Institute of Civil Engineering and Building Technology) ;
  • Yu, Ki-Hyung (Korea Institute of Civil Engineering and Building Technology) ;
  • Kim, Kang-Soo (Department of Architecture, Korea University)
  • Received : 2015.11.03
  • Accepted : 2016.01.15
  • Published : 2016.02.29


Purpose: The purpose of this study is to analyze the energy performance by applying new technologies for passive and active control. Method: We selected new technologies for passive and active control which are based on formal study by analyzing technology applied to the High-Performance Buildings in various countries. Also, we analyzed energy saving potential for each technologies by breakdown the result of the energy saving rates in detail. Result: For the wall and roof insulating methods, preceding studies showed that up to 21% energy could be saved by improving roof insulation and applying proper outside insulation compared to non-insulation. For the windows and glazing system, preceding studies showed that Low-E glazing system could save up to 11% energy compared to single glazing system. Studies about solar and daylighting controls revealed that effective daylighting dimming control could save 13% of energy compared to uncontrolled situation. Studies on DOAS (Dedicated Outdoor Air System) showed that about 23% energy could be saved compared to standard VAV system. Studies on the active chilled beam showed that about 25% energy could be saved compared to standard VAV system and studies of applying UFAD (Under Floor Air Distribution) could consume 31% less energy than applying overhead system.


Supported by : Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport of Korean government


  1. 김철호, 양자강, 이승언, 유기형, 김강수, "High-Performance Buildings 구현을 위한 신기술 개요 및 에너지 절감 효과 분석, 대한설비공학회 학술발표대회 논문집, 2015.06 // (Kim, Chul-Ho, Yang, Ja-Kang, Yu, Ki-Hyung, Lee, Seung-Eon, Kim, Kang-Soo, Analysis of New Technologies for Energy Conservation in High-Performance Buildings, SAREK 2015 Summer Annual Conference, The Society of Air-Conditioning and Refrigerating Engineers of Korea, 2015. 06)
  2. 박성태, 김강수, "건축물 용도별 분류에 따른 친환경 건축 발전 경향 연구", 한국생태환경건축학회, Vol.9 N.2, 2009. 04 // (Park, Seoung- Tae, Kim, Kang-Soo, An Analysis of the Green Building Development Trends in Accordance with Usage of Building in Certified Cases of LEED, Korea Institute of Ecological Architecture and Environment, 2009. 04)
  3. Edwin Rodriguez-Ubinas, Claudio Montero, Passive design strategies and performance of Net Energy Plus Houses, Energy and Buildings, 2014
  4. Piljae Im, Jeff S. Haberl, A survey of High-performance schools, Texas A&M University System Collage Station, 2006
  5. Hashem Akbari, Ronnen Levinson, Leo Rainer, Monitoring the energy-use effects of cool roofs on California commercial buildings, Energy and Buildings, 2005(37)
  6. Meral Ozel, Determination of optimum insulation thickness based on cooling transmission load for building walls in a hot climate, Energy Conversion and Management, 2013(66)
  7. Wilhelm Alexander Friess, Kambiz Rakhshan, Tamer A. Hendawi, Sahand Tajerzadeh, Wall insulation measures for residential villas in Dubai: A case study in energy efficiency, Energy and Buildings, 2012(44)
  8. Tengfang Xu, Jayant Sathaye, Hashem Akbari, Vishal Garg, Surekha Tetali. Quantifying the direct benefits of cool roofs in an urban setting: Reduced cooling energy use and lowered greenhouse gas emissions, Building and Environment, 2012(28)
  9. Zhaosong Fang, Nan Li, Baizhan Li, Guozhi Luo, Yanqi Huang, The effect of building envelope insulation on cooling energy consumption in summer, Energy and Buildings, 2014(77)
  10. Dionysios I. Kolaitis, Emmanouil Malliotakis, Dimos A. Kontogeorgos, Ioannis Mandilaras, Dimitrios I. Katsourinis, Maria A. Founti, Comparative assessment of internal and external thermal insulation systems for energy efficient retrofitting of residential buildings, Energy and Buildings, 2013(64)
  11. W.J. Hee, M.A. Alghoul, B. Bakhtyar, OmKalthum Elayeb, M.A. Shameri, M.S. Alrubaih, K. Sopian, The role of window glazing on daylighting and energy saving in buildings, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2015(42)
  12. Milorad Bojic, Francis Yik, Application of advanced glazing to high-rise residential buildings in Hong Kong, Building and Environment, 2007(42)
  13. Yu Huang, Jian-lei Niu, Tse-ming Chung, Comprehensive analysis on thermal and daylighting performance of glazing and shading designs on office building envelope in cooling-dominant climates, Applied Energy, 2014(134)
  14. K.I. Jensen, J.M. Schultz, F.H. Kristiansen, Development of windows based on highly insulating aerogel glazings, Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 2004(350)
  15. M.C. Singh, S.N. Garg, Energy rating of different glazings for Indian climates, Energy, 2014(134)
  16. Samar Jaber, Salman Ajib, Thermal and economic windows design for different climate zones, Energy and Buildings, 2011(43)
  17. Yuanyi Chen, Junjie Liu, Jingjing Pei, Xiaodong Cao, Qingyan Chen, Yi Jiang, Experimental and simulation study on the performance of daylighting in an industrial building and its energy saving potential, Energy and Buildings, 2014(73)
  18. S. Ozenc, M. Uzunoglu, O. Gluer, Experimental evaluation of the impacts of considering inherent response characteristics for lighting technologies in building energy modeling, Energy and Buildings, 2014(77)
  19. Danny H.W. Li, Angela C.K. Cheung, Stanley K.H. Chow, Eric W.M. Lee, Study of daylighting data and lighting energy savings for atrium corridors with lighting dimming controls, Energy and Buildings, 2014(72)
  20. B. Roisin, M. Bodart, A. Deneyer, P. D'Herdt, Lighting energy savings in offices using different control systems and their real consumption, Energy and Buildings, 2008(40)
  21. B. Roisin, M. Bodart, A. Deneyer, P. D'Herdt, An analysis of energyefficient light fittings and lighting controls, Applied Energy, 2010(87)
  22. Cheng Tian, Tingyao Chen, Hongxing Yang, Tse-ming Chung, A generalized window energy rating system for typical office buildings, Solar Energy, 2010(84)
  23. Fabrizio Ascione, Nicola Bianco, Rosa Francesca De Masi, Giuseppe Peter Vanoli, Rehabilitation of the building envelope of hospitals: Achievable energy savings and microclimatic control on varying the HVAC systems in Mediterranean climates, Energy and Buildings, 2013(60)
  24. TIAX LLC, Rooftop Unitary Air Conditioner with Integral Dedicated Outdoor Air System, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, U.S. Department of Energy, 2006
  25. Kurt W. Roth, Detlef Westphalen, John Dieckmann, Sephir D. Hamilton, William Goetzler, Energy Consumption Characteristics of Commercial Building HVAC Systems Volume III: Energy Savings Potential, DOE Report-DOAS, 2002
  26. John C. Fischer, Charlene W. Bayer, Report Card on Humidity Control, ASHRAE Journal, 2003
  27. Weiwei Liu, Zhiwei Lian, Reinhard Radermacher, Ye Yao, Energy consumption analysis on a dedicated outdoor air system with rotary desiccant wheel, Energy, 2007(32)
  28. Steven J. Emmerich, Tim McDowell, Initial Evaluation of Displacement Ventilation and Dedicated Outdoor Air Systems in Commercial Buildings, National Institute of Standards and Technology, NISTIR 7244, 2005
  29. Kurt W. Roth, Detlef Westphalen, John Dieckmann, Sephir D. Hamilton, William Goetzler, Energy Consumption Characteristics of Commercial Building HVAC Systems Volume III: Energy Savings Potential, DOE Report-ACB, 2002
  30. Kurt Roth, John Dieckmann, Robert Zogg, James Brodrick, Chilled Beam Cooling, ASHRAE Journal, 2007
  31. H. Sachs, W. Lin, A. Lowenberger, Emerging Energy-Saving HVAC Technologies and Practices for the Buildings Sector, American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy, 2009
  32. Jeff Stein, Steven T. Taylor, VAV Reheat Versus Active Chilled Beams & DOAS, ASHRAE Journal, 2013
  33. Nick Searle, Chilled Beam and Radiant Cooling Basics, US Dept. of Energy Report, 2001
  34. Guruprakash Sastry, First Radiant Cooled Commercial Building in INDIA-Critical Analysis of Energy, Comfort and Cost, Green Initiatives Infosys Limited, 2012
  35. Ghassem Heidarinejad, Mohammad Hassan Fathollahzadeh, Hadi Pasdarshahri, Effects of return air vent height on energy consumption, thermal comfort conditions and indoor air quality in an underfloor air distribution system, Energy and Buildings, 2015(97)
  36. Linden PF, Yu Jong Keun, Webster Tom, Bauman Fred, Lee Kwang Ho, Schiavon Stefano, Daly Allan, Simulation of energy performance of underfloor air distribution (UFAD) systems, Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering University of California, 2009
  37. Ali Alajmi, Wid El-Amer, Saving energy by using underfloor air distribution (UFAD) system in commercial buildings, Energy Conversion and Management, 2010(51)
  38. Ali F. Alajmi, Hosny Z. Abou-Ziyan, Wid El-Amer, Energy analysis of under-floor airdistribution (UFAD) system: an office building case study, Energy Conversion and Management, 2013(73)
  39. Vivian Loftness, Rohini Brahme, Michelle Mondazzi, Energy Savings Potential of Flexible and Adaptive HVAC Distribution Systems for Office Buildings Final Report, Center for Building Performance and Diagnostics, Carnegie Mellon/Oak Ridge National Laboratory, 2002
  40. Son H. Ho, Luis Rosario, Muhammad M. Rahman, Comparison of underfloor and overhead air distribution systems in an office environment, Building and Environment, 2011
  41. NIBS(National Institute of Building Sciences), The Energy Policy Act of 2005 (Public Law 109-058) Section 914. Building Standards.