DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

An Interpretation of the Urban Folly in Gwangju, South Korea Through the Lens of Contextual Novelty

  • Lee, Min Jung (Department of Architecture, Pusan National University) ;
  • Lee, Dong-Eon (Department of Architecture, Pusan National University)
  • Received : 2016.04.07
  • Accepted : 2016.07.19
  • Published : 2016.12.30

Abstract

Urban regeneration, which implies a certain type of change from what has previously existed, requires fundamental understandings of previous problematic ways of thinking for a meaningful change, as well as a new philosophy that is thought to support that change. This means a change in philosophy is needed to discuss 'newness' in urban regeneration. From this perspective, this paper explores the philosophies which shaped traditional cities as well as a philosophy that may be able to suggest changes to contemporary cities. This paper further proposes contextual novelty as necessary to pursue. This contextual novelty does not deny modern cities' problems but embraces them and carries them into contemporary cities. Arguing for qualitative novelty, this paper argues that contextualism, which explores the complex relationships of direct and indirect contributors of a given event, can help us to understand contemporary cities' heterogenic characteristics. In this context, this paper discusses the concept of novelty in contemporary discourse of urban regeneration by using the philosophy of contextualism. Finally a recent example of urban regeneration in the city of Gwangju, South Korea is interpreted using the concept of contextual novelty.

Keywords

Contextualism;Contextual Novelty;Gwangju;Urban Folly;Urban Regeneration

References

  1. Antrop, M. (2003) Sustainable Landscapes: Contradiction, Fiction or Utopia? http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-439033.
  2. Ames, D. L., & Wagner, R. D. (2009) Design & Historic Preservation: The Challenge of Compatibility : Held at Goucher College, Baltimore, Maryland, March 14-16, 2002. Newark, University of Delaware Press.
  3. Borsdorf, A., & Hidalgo, R. (2008) "New Dimensions of Social Exclusion in Latin America: From Gated Communities to Gated Cities, the Case of Santiago de Chile." Land Use Policy. 25:153-160. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2007.04.001
  4. Caldeira, T. P. R. (1996) "Building Up Walls: The New Pattern of Spatial Segregation in Sao Paulo." International Social Science Journal. 48-55.
  5. Castells, M. (1994) "European cities, the Informational Society, and the Global Economy." New Left Review, 204:18-32.
  6. Designboom (2011) "Gwangju Design Biennale 2011: Urban Follies." Available at: http://www.designboom.com/weblog/cat/8/view/17046/gwangju-design-biennale-2011-urban-follies.html. (Accessed on 5 June, 2012).
  7. Dodson, J. & Gleeson, B. (2009) "Urban Planning and Human Geography." International Encyclopedia of Human Geography, 77-83.
  8. Fambrough, M., & Comerford, S. (2006) "The Changing Epistemological Assumptions of Group Theory." The Journal of Applied Behavioral Science. 42:330-349. https://doi.org/10.1177/0021886306286445
  9. Gelernter, M. (1995) Sources of Architectural Form: A Critical History of Western Design Theory. Manchester, Manchester University Press.
  10. Giedion, S. (1958) Architecture, You and Me: the Diary of a Development. Cambridge, Mass, Harvard University Press.
  11. Goheen, P. G. (1998) "Public Space and the Geography of the Modern City." Progress in Human Geography. 22:479. https://doi.org/10.1191/030913298672729084
  12. Gibson, M. and Kocabas, A. (2001) "London: Sustainable Regeneration-Challenge and Response." Paper presented to the Rendez-vous Istanbul: International Urban Design Meeting. Mimar Sinan University, Istanbul, Turkey, May.
  13. Graham, S. (2004) "Postmortem city." City. 8, 165-196. https://doi.org/10.1080/1360481042000242148
  14. Gwangju Biennale (2011) "Gwangju Design Biennale 2011." Available at : http://gb.or.kr/?mid=sub_eng&mode=03&sub=01&tab=2011_01. (Accessed on 24 May, 2012).
  15. Han W., & Shen R. (2012) "The Landscape and the Spatial Design Research of the City Wall Ruins Park of the Old City at Xiaoyi." Advanced Materials Research. 450-451, 1057-1060. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.450-451.1057
  16. Hirt, S., & Petrovic, M. (2011) "The Belgrade Wall: The Proliferation of Gated Housing in the Serbian Capital after Socialism." International Journal of Urban and Regional Research. 35:753-777. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2427.2011.01056.x
  17. Hultman, J., & Hall, C. (2012) "Tourism Place-Making." Annals of Tourism Research. 39:547-570. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.annals.2011.07.001
  18. Jencks, C. (2011) "Contextual Counterpoint." Architectural Design. of 81:62-67. doi: 10.1002/ad.1295
  19. Korean Deung-jan Museum (2012) "History of the Museum." Available at: http://www.deungjan.or.kr/eng/s1/s1a_1.asp.
  20. Madill, A., Jordan, A., & Shirley, C. (2000) "Objectivity and Reliability in Qualitative Analysis: Realist, Contextualist and Radical Constructionist Epistemologies." British Journal of Psychology. 91:1-20. https://doi.org/10.1348/000712600161646
  21. Moore, S. (2001) "Technology, Place, and the Nonmodern Thesis." Journal of Architectural Education. 54:130-139. https://doi.org/10.1162/10464880152632442
  22. Muschamp, H. (2001) "Art/Architecture: Measuring Buildings Without a Yardstick." Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2001/07/22/arts/art-architecture-measuring-buildingswithout-a-yardstick.html?pagewanted=all&src=pm.
  23. Nora, P. (1986) Between Memory and History: Les Lieux de Memoire. Trans. Marc Roudebush. Representations 26/1:7-24.
  24. Oxford Dictionaries (2012) "Wall." Available at: http://oxforddictionaries.com/. (Accessed on 12 July, 2012).
  25. Paddison, R. (1993) City Marketing, Image Reconstruction and Urban Regeneration. Glasgow, University of Glasgow.
  26. Passmore, J. A. (1951) "The Dreariness of Aesthetics." Mind. 60:318-335.
  27. Pepper, S. C. (1942) World Hypotheses, a Study in Evidence. Berkeley and Los Angeles, University of California Press:92-96.
  28. Poovey, M. (1998) A History of the Modern Fact: Problems of Knowledge in the Sciences of Wealth and Society. Chicago, University of Chicago Press.
  29. Roberts, P. W., & Sykes, H. (2000) Urban Regeneration: a Handbook. London, SAGE.
  30. Sassen, S. (2001) "Cities in the Global Economy" in: R. Paddison (Ed.) Handbook of Urban Studies:256-272. London: Sage.
  31. Schwartz, S. (1985) The Matrix of Modernism: Pound, Eliot, and Early Twentieth-century Thought. Princeton, N.J., Princeton University Press.
  32. Sennett, R. (1992) [1976] The Fall of Public Man. New York, Norton.
  33. Seung, H.-S. (2008) Landscript. Yeolhwadang.
  34. Shklovskij, V. (1998) "Art as Technique" in Rivkin, J., & Ryan, M. (1998) Literary Theory, an Anthology. Malden, Mass, Blackwell.
  35. Seo, E. S. (2009) "Necessity and Direction of Korean Culture Contents Development." Journal of the Korea Contents Association. Vol.9-1.
  36. Tversky, A. (1977) "Features of Similarity." Psychological Review, 84:327-352. https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-295X.84.4.327
  37. UN-Habitat (2009) Good Urban Governance: Towards an Effective Private Sector Engagement. Prepared by Auclair C. and Jackohango A. Private Sector Unit-UN-HABITAT June 2009.
  38. Venturi, R. (1966) Complexity and Contradiction in Architecture. New York, Museum of Modern Art; distributed by Doubleday, Garden City, N.Y.
  39. Venturi, R., Brown, D. S., Izenour, S., & Brown, D. S. (2001) Learning from Las Vegas: the Forgotten Symbolism of Architectural Form. Cambridge, Mass, MIT Press.
  40. Wainwright, O. (2011) Buildings: Gwangju Follies. WWW. BDONLINE.CO.UK.
  41. Watson, F. (2012) "Qian Qi's "To a Buddhist Monk Returning to Japan"." Available at: http://www.followtheblueflute.com/2012/06/qian-qis-to-buddhist-monk-returning-to.html.
  42. Williams, J. (2000) "Deleuze's Ontology and Creativity: Becoming in Architecture." Pli 9, S:200-219.
  43. Yoo, U., Choi, H.Y., and Oh, J. (2012) "Analysis on city tour routes in relation to urban spatial structure and pedestrian movement." 6th Conference of the International Forum on Urbanism (IFoU): TOURBANISM, Barcelona:1-10.