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Study for Prediction of Contact Forces between Wheel and Rail Using Vibrational Transfer Function of the Scaled Squeal Noise Test Rig

축소 스킬소음 시험장치의 진동전달특성을 이용한 차륜/레일의 접촉력 예측에 관한 연구

  • Lee, Junheon (Hongik University Research Institute of Science and Technology) ;
  • Kim, Jiyong (Hongik University Research Institute of Science and Technology) ;
  • Ji, Eun (Department of Mechanical Engineering, Hongik University) ;
  • Kim, Daeyong (Department of Mechanical Engineering, Hongik University) ;
  • Kim, Kwanju (Department of Mechanical & System Design Engineering, Hongik University)
  • Received : 2016.01.08
  • Accepted : 2016.02.04
  • Published : 2016.02.29

Abstract

Curved squeal noise may result when railway vehicles run on curved tracks. Contact between the wheels and the rails causes a stick-slip phenomenon, which generates squeal noise. In order to identify the mechanism of the squeal noise systematically, a scaled test rig has been fabricated. Knowledge of the contact forces between the wheels and the rail rollers is essential for investigating the squeal noise characteristics; however, it is difficult to measure there contact force. In this study, contact forces have been calculated indirectly according to the modal behavior of the subframe that supports the rail roller and the responses at specific positions of that subframe. In order to verify the estimated contact forces, the displacements at the contact points between the wheels and rail rollers have been calculated from the estimated forces; the resulting values have been compared with the measured displacement values. The SPL at the specific location has been calculated using the estimated contact forces and this also has been compared with the SPL, measured in a semi-anechoic chamber. The comparisons in displacements and SPLs show good correlation.

스킬 소음은 곡선부에서 레일과 차륜 사이에 발생하는 순음의 큰 소음이다. 차륜과 레일 사이의 접촉은 점착-미끄러짐(stick-slip)현상을 보이면서 스킬 소음이 발생한다고 알려져 있다. 본 논문에서는 이러한 스킬 소음의 발생 메커니즘을 규명하기 위해 차륜, 레일의 주파수 관점에서의 접촉력 특성을 파악하고자 했다. 스킬 소음을 실험실 조건에서 발생시키기 위하여 축소 스킬소음 시험장치를 제작하였다. 접촉력을 구하기 위하여 레일 롤러를 지지하는 서브 프레임 진동 데이터와 응답특성을 측정하여, 접촉력을 예측하였다. 계산된 접촉력 결과를 검증하기 위해서, 레일 롤러의 접촉점 변위를 계산된 접촉력을 이용하여 계산하고 레이저 변위센서로 측정한 변위 실험결과와 비교하였다. 또한 시험장치를 유한요소로 모델링하여, 계산된 접촉력에 의한 음향 방사 해석을 수행하였고, 그 음압 결과를 반무향실 조건에서 축소 스킬소음 시험장치 운영시 발생되는 소음의 크기와 비교하였다. 변위와 음압 결과가 실험 결과와 유사한 경향을 나타내었다.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 국토교통부, 한국연구재단

References

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