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경희대학교 중앙박물관 소장 승자총통의 과학적 연구

오일환;정연중;조남철;강형태
Oh, Il Whan;Jeong, Youn Joong;Cho, Nam Chul;Kang, Hyung Tae

  • 투고 : 2016.02.02
  • 심사 : 2016.03.13
  • 발행 : 2016.03.20

초록

승자총통은 중국 화기를 모방하여 선조(宣祖,1552-1608) 시기에 독자적인 화기 제작방식으로 만들어진 우리나라 유통식 소화기(小火器)이다. 이 연구는 경희대학교 중앙박물관 소장 승자총통을 중심으로 명문 판독 결과와 함께 과학분석 결과를 정리한 것이다. 경희대학교 중앙박물관에 소장하고 있는 승자총통 3점은 각 원소의 함량차이가 크지 않은 Cu-Sn-Pb 삼원계 합금으로 제작되었고 분석대상 중 미세조직 분석이 가능한 승자총통 1의 미세조직을 분석한 결과 일반적인 주조방식에 의해 제작되었으며 추가적인 열처리나 담금질 흔적은 관찰되지 않는다는 점이 밝혀졌다. 또한 승자총통 제작 시 사용한 납의 출처를 알아보고자 납동위원소비 분석을 실시한 결과 한국 남부 zone 2 지역(경상북도 북부와 강원도 남부지역)의 납광석을 사용하여 승자총통을 제작한 것으로 판단된다.

키워드

경희대학교 중앙박물관;승자총통;납동위원소비;주조

참고문헌

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