DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Fabrication and Characterization of High Luminance WOLED Using Single Host and Three Color Dopants

단일 호스트와 3색 도펀트를 이용한 고휘도 백색 유기발광다이오드 제작과 특성 평가

Kim, Min Young;Lee, Jun Ho;Jang, Ji Geun
김민영;이준호;장지근

  • Received : 2015.08.27
  • Accepted : 2015.10.16
  • Published : 2016.03.27

Abstract

White organic light-emitting diodes with a structure of indium-tin-oxide [ITO]/N,N-diphenyl-N,N-bis-[4-(phenylm-tolvlamino)-phenyl]-biphenyl-4,4-diamine [DNTPD]/[2,3-f:2, 2-h]quinoxaline-2,3,6,7,10,11-hexacarbonitrile [HATCN]/1,1-bis(di-4-poly-aminophenyl) cyclo -hexane [TAPC]/emission layers doped with three color dopants/4,7-diphenyl-1,10-phenanthroline [Bphen]/$Cs_2CO_3$/Al were fabricated and evaluated. In the emission layer [EML], N,N-dicarbazolyl-3,5-benzene [mCP] was used as a single host and bis(2-phenyl quinolinato)-acetylacetonate iridium(III) [Ir(pq)2acac]/fac-tris(2-phenylpyridinato) iridium(III) $[Ir(ppy)_3]$/iridium(III) bis[(4,6-di-fluoropheny)-pyridinato-N,C2] picolinate [FIrpic] were used as red/green/blue dopants, respectively. The fabricated devices were divided into five types (D1, D2, D3, D4, D5) according to the structure of the emission layer. The electroluminescence spectra showed three peak emissions at the wavelengths of blue (472~473 nm), green (495~500 nm), and red (589~595 nm). Among the fabricated devices, the device of D1 doped in a mixed fashion with a single emission layer showed the highest values of luminance and quantum efficiency at the given voltage. However, the emission color of D1 was not pure white but orange, with Commission Internationale de L'Eclairage [CIE] coordinates of (x = 0.41~0.45, y = 0.41) depending on the applied voltages. On the other hand, device D5, with a double emission layer of $mCP:[Ir(pq)_2acac(3%)+Ir(ppy)_3(0.5%)]$/mCP:[FIrpic(10%)], showed a nearly pure white color with CIE coordinates of (x = 0.34~0.35, y = 0.35~0.37) under applied voltage in the range of 6~10 V. The luminance and quantum efficiency of D5 were $17,160cd/m^2$ and 3.8% at 10 V, respectively.

Keywords

white OLED;mCP;FIrpic;$Ir(pq)_2acac$;$Ir(ppy)_3$;luminance;quantum efficiency

References

  1. W. S. Jeon, J. S. Park, L. Li, D. C. Lim, Y. H. Son, M. C. Suh and J. H. Kwon, Org. Electron., 13, 939 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.orgel.2012.02.008
  2. B. B. Diouf, W. S. Jeon, J. S. Park, J. W. Choi, Y. H. Son, D. C. Lim, Y. J. Doh and J. H. Kwon, Synthetic. Met., 161, 2087 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.synthmet.2011.07.025
  3. S. O. Jeon, K. S. Yook, C. W. Joo and J. Y. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., 94, 013301 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3046288
  4. H. J. Ji and J. G. Jang, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst., 584, 78 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1080/15421406.2013.849450
  5. Y. Cai, H. X. Wei, J. Li, Q. Y. Bao, X. Zhao, S. T. Lee, Y. Q. Li and J. X. Tang, Appl. Phys. Lett., 98, 113304 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3567526
  6. J. S. Yang, D. C. Choo, T. W. Kim, Y. Y. Jin, J. H. Seo and Y. K. Kim, Thin Solid Films, 518, 6149 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tsf.2010.04.061
  7. J. Huang, Z. Xu and Y. Yang, Adv. Funct. Mater., 17, 1966 (2007). https://doi.org/10.1002/adfm.200700051
  8. S. Ye, Y. Liu, C. Di, H. Xi, W. Wu, Y. Wen, K. Lu, C. Du, Y. Liu and G. Yu, Chem. Mater., 21, 1333 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1021/cm8032302
  9. M. Y. Kim, H. J. Ji and J. G. Jang, Korean J. Mater. Res., 21, 212 (2011). https://doi.org/10.3740/MRSK.2011.21.4.212
  10. G. Cheng, Y. Zhang, Y. Zhao, Y. Lin, C. Ruan, S. Liu, T. Fei, Y. Ma and Y. Cheng, Appl. Phys. Lett., 89, 043504 (2006). https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2227645
  11. S. J. Shin, J. M. Ahn, M. Y. Kim and J. G. Jang, Korean Soc. Semicond. Disp. Technol., 6, 23 (2007).
  12. M. A. Baldo, C. Adachi and S. R. Forrest, Phys. Rev. B, 62, 10967 (2000). https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.62.10967
  13. M. A. Baldo and S. R. Forrest, Phys. Rev. B, 62, 10958 (2000). https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.62.10958