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The Review Study on Yoga, Qigong, and Taichi Interventions for Anxiety: Based on Korean Journal Articles from 2009 to 2015

불안에 대한 운동요법 중 요가, 기공, 태극권 연구 고찰: 2009년부터 2015년까지 국내학술지 논문을 중심으로

  • Received : 2016.02.25
  • Accepted : 2016.03.09
  • Published : 2016.03.30

Abstract

Objectives: This study was performed to investigate the research trends of physical activities interventions such as yoga, taichi, and qigong to reduce anxiety. Methods: Korean databases were searched for articles related to survey of physical activity interventions (yoga, taichi, qigong) to reduce anxiety from 2009 to 2015. Results: Fifteen articles published in Korean journals from 2009 to 2015 were retrieved. The quality of studies were generally low and characteristics of subject were not homogeneous. Spielberger State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) was used most frequently as an assessment tool. The included publications included 9 articles on yoga, 4 articles on qigong, and 2 articles on taichi. Of these, 8 of 9 articles on yoga, 2 of 4 articles on qigong, and 2 of 2 articles on taichi reported that intervention group showed statistically significant decrease of anxiety symptoms. Conclusions: In this study, physical activity interventions such as yoga, taichi and qigong might be beneficial for reducing anxiety. However, more scientifically designed research on physical activity- based treatments are needed to prove the efficacy and effectiveness.

Keywords

Physical Activity Intervention;Anxiety;Yoga;Taichi;Qigong

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