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식방풍잎(Peucedanum japonicum Thunberg L.)의 물추출물이 3T3-L1 세포와 고지방식이로 유도된 마우스에서 항비만 효과

정호경;심미옥;장지훈;김태묵;안병관;김민석;정원석
Jung, Ho-Kyung;Sim, Mi-Ok;Jang, Ji-Hun;Kim, Tae-Muk;An, Byeong-Kwan;Kim, Min-Suk;Jung, Won Seok

  • 투고 : 2015.09.22
  • 심사 : 2015.12.16
  • 발행 : 2016.02.28

초록

본 연구는 식방풍잎(PJT) 물추출물의 항비만 효과를 알아보기 위해 지방전구세포인 3T3-L1과 5주령된 C57BL/6 수컷 쥐를 이용하여 실험을 실시하였다. 먼저, 3T3-L1 분화실험에서는 PJT를 처리함으로써 지방세포 형성 관련 인자인 C/EBPα 와 PPARγ의 유전자를 억제하였고, 그로 인하여 지방세포의 분화 및 지방 축적을 억제하였다. 다음으로, 동물실험은 C57BL/6 수컷 쥐30마리를 1주일간 적응시킨 후 정상식이군 고지방식이군으로 나눈 뒤 2주간 사육하여 다시 고지방식이군은 고지방식이군, PJT100, PJT300, PJT500 군으로 나누어 4주간 실시하였다. 체중 및 체중증가량은 고지방식이군에서 유의적으로 증가하였으며, PJT 섭취군에서 감소하였다. 지방조직의 무게도 고지방식이군에 비하여 PJT섭취군에서 낮았다. 고지방 식이에 의한 혈청 중 지질함량, leptin 수준 증가는 PJT 섭취에 따라 낮아졌다. 반면, adiponectin 과 HDL-C 수준감소는 PJT 섭취에 따라 증가하였다. H&E staining으로 관찰한 지방세포의 크기도 PJT 섭취 시 감소하였으며 부고환 지방조직에서 관찰한 지방생성 관련 유전자인 PPARγ, SREBP-1c, FAS의 발현은 고지방식이군과 비교시 PJT 섭취군에서 억제되었다. 이상의 실험결과 PJT의 섭취는 지방전구세포 및 고지방식이로 유도된 비만모델에서 지방합성관련인자의 유전자 발현을 감소하고 혈중 adipokine의 농도를 개선시켜 체지방 축적을 억제시켰다. 이로 인해 고지방식이로 유도된 체중을 감소시키고 더불어 이상지질혈증에도 긍정적 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다.

키워드

Adipogenesis, C/EBPα;Fas;Lipogenesis;PPARγ;SREBP-1c

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피인용 문헌

  1. Effect of Acorus gramineus Water Extract on the Blood Lipid Profiles in High Fat Diet-fed Mice vol.29, pp.4, 2016, https://doi.org/10.7732/kjpr.2016.29.1.001