왕느릅나무 추출물에 의한 비장세포 생존률 및 NK cell 세포독성 증가

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이성도;김덕원;이인환;이종환;현숙경;강경화;황혜진;김철민;김병우;정경태
Lee, Sung Do;Kim, Deok Won;Lee, Inhwan;Lee, Jong-Hwan;Hyun, Sook Kyung;Kang, Kyung-Hwa;Hwang, HyeJin;Kim, CheolMin;Kim, Byoung Woo;Chung, Kyung Tae

  • 투고 : 2016.01.04
  • 심사 : 2016.01.20
  • 발행 : 2016.01.30

초록

면역에 대한 관심은 점차 증가하는 추세이며, 식물유래 천연물을 이용한 면역기능 증강에 관련된 연구 역시 활발히 진행되고 있다. 왕느릅나무 껍질은 줄기 혹은 뿌리의 껍질을 뜻하며 전통적으로 동·서양 할 것 없이 항염, 진통, 항암, 상처치료에 사용되어 왔다. 본 연구는 왕느릅나무 열수 추출물(Ulmus macrocarpa water extract, UMWE)이 면역기능에 끼치는 영향을 조사하기 위해 실시되었다. 실험은 UMWE를 농도 100 mg/kg 또는 200 mgkg로 식이한 군, UMW를 농도 100 mg/kg 또는 200 mg/kg으로 식이하면서 면역억제물질인 cyclophosphamide(CY, 120 mg/kg)를 투여한 군, CY만을 투여한 군, 아무 것도 처리하지 않은 비처리군, 총 6개 군으로 나누어 2주간 매일 식이하면서 진행하였다. 각 군에서 획득한 비장지수와 비장세포 지수를 비교하였을 때 UMWE 식이가 CY에 의한 비장세포의 감소를 완화시키는 것으로 나타났으며, in vitro 실험에서 MTT방법과 7-amino-actinomycin D 방법을 통해 비장세포의 생존을 유지하며 사멸을 지연하는 것이 확인되었다. 또한, UMWE는 YAC-1에 대한 비장 NK 세포 활성을 면역억제제 CY가 존재하는 조건에서도 정상적으로 유지시켜 면역기능 유지에 영향을 주는 것으로 나타났다.

키워드

Immune function;NK cell activity;splenocyte survival;cyclophosphamide;Ulmus macrocarpa Hance

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