Hot Water Extract of Scutellaria baicalensis Inhibits Migration, Invasion and Tube Formation in a Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cell Model and a Rat Aortic Ring Sprouting Model

혈관내피세포와 흰쥐 대동맥 미세혈관 발아 모델을 이용한 황금 열수추출물의 세포의 이동, 침투 및 관형성 억제 연구

Kim, Eok-Cheon;Bae, Kiho;Kim, Han Sung;Yoo, Yeong-Min;Gelinsky, Michael;Kim, Tack-Joong

  • Received : 2015.11.01
  • Accepted : 2015.12.13
  • Published : 2016.01.30


Angiogenesis is essential for the pathophysiological processes of embryogenesis, tissue growth, diabetic retinopathy, psoriasis, wound healing, rheumatoid arthritis, cardiovascular diseases, and tumor growth. Inhibition of angiogenesis represents an attractive therapeutic approach for the treatment of angiogenic diseases such as cancer. However, uncontrolled angiogenesis is also necessary for tumor development and metastasis. Inhibition of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) signaling, a critical factor in the induction of angiogenesis, cause robust and rapid changes in blood vessels of tumors and therefore VEGF constitutes a target for such anti-angiogenic therapy. Recently, since natural compounds pose significantly less risk of deleterious side effects than synthetic compounds, a great many natural resources have been assessed for useful substance for anti-angiogenic treatment. Here we evaluated the anti-angiogenic effects of a hot water extract of Scutellaria baicalensis (SBHWE) using in vitro assays and ex vivo animal experiments. Our results show that SBHWE dose-dependently abrogated vascular endothelial responses by inhibiting VEGF-stimulated migration and invasion as well as tube formation in a human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC) model, without cytotoxicity, as determined by a cell viability assay. Further study revealed that SBHWE prevented VEGF-induced neo-vascularization in a rat aortic ring sprouting model. Taken together, our findings reveal an anti-angiogenic activity of Scutellaria baicalensis and suggest that SBHWE is a novel candidate inhibitor of VEGF-induced angiogenesis.


Angiogenesis;Endothelial cell;Scutellaria baicalensis


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