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Eucheuma cottonii 추출물에 의한 인체 골육종암 Saos-2 세포의 자가사멸 유도

강창원;강민재;김경록;김난희;서용배;강건희;김상호;김군도
Kang, Chang-Won;Kang, Min-Jae;Kim, Kyong Rok;Kim, Nan-Hee;Seo, Yong Bae;Kang, Keon-Hee;Kim, Sang-Ho;Kim, Gun-Do

  • 투고 : 2015.10.12
  • 심사 : 2015.12.06
  • 발행 : 2016.02.25

초록

본 연구에서는 인간 골육종암세포주인 Saos-2 세포를 이용하여 Eucheuma cottonii 추출물(Extract of Eucheuma cottonii, EE)의 항암 활성 및 분자적 작용기전을 분석하였다. 먼저 EE가 세포증식에 미치는 영향을 WST-1® assay를 통해 확인한 결과 EE는 인간 위암세포 AGS, 인간 간암세포 SK-Hep 1, 인간 뇌교모세포종 U87MG, 인간 정상 신장세포 HEK-293의 생존율에는 영향을 미치지 않고 Saos-2 세포주의 생존율만을 농도의존적으로 감소시킴을 확인 하였다. 또한 처리 농도가 증가함에 따라 Saos-2 세포의 외형적 변화가 나타남을 도립현미경을 통해 확인할 수 있었다. 그리고 DAPI staining을 통해 apoptosis classical hall marker라고 할 수 있는 DNA fragmentation이 EE 처리 농도 의존적으로 나타남을 관찰할 수 있었다. 이를 토대로 EE가 Saos-2 세포에서 세포 내의 어떠한 기작을 통해 apoptosis를 유도하는지 Western blot analysis를 통해 확인한 결과, Fas-Associated Death Domain(FADD)에 의한 caspase cascade signal pathway 발현이 증가하였고, apoptosis의 key protein 이라고 할 수 있는 cleaved caspase-3와 하위 인자인 cleaved PARP가 증가 함을 확인할 수 있었다. 이와 관련된 분자적 기전 분석을 위한 immunofluorescence staining과 Flow cytometry analysis를 추가로 수행한 결과, EE 처리시 caspase cascade signal pathway의 시발점인 FAS와 cleaved caspase-3의 발현증가가 실제 세포 내에서 일어남을 관찰 할 수 있었으며 apoptosis 유발군인 sub G1기가 증가 함을 알 수 있었다. 이상의 결과를 통해 EE는 인간 골육종암세포에서 FADD에 의한 caspase cascade signal pathway 발현증가가 유도되어 apoptosis를 유발시킨다는 것을 증명하였으며 새로운 골육종암 치료제로서의 개발 가능성과 기전연구를 위한 중요한 기초자료가 될 수 있음을 시사한다.

키워드

Apoptosis;Eucheuma cottonii;FADD;Saos-2 cells;sub G1 phase

참고문헌

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과제정보

연구 과제번호 : 지역특화산업기술개발

연구 과제 주관 기관 : 영산홍어(주)