DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

PI Controlled Active Front End Super-Lift Converter with Ripple Free DC Link for Three Phase Induction Motor Drives

Elangovan, P.;Mohanty, Nalin Kant

  • 투고 : 2015.05.20
  • 심사 : 2015.08.12
  • 발행 : 2016.01.20

초록

An active front end (AFE) is required for a three-phase induction motor (IM) fed by a voltage source inverter (VSI), because of the increasing need to derive quality current from the utility end without sacrificing the power factor (PF). This study investigates a proportional-plus-integral (PI) controller based AFE topology that uses a super-lift converter (SLC). The significance of the proposed SLC, which converts rectified AC supply to geometrically proceed ripple-free DC supply, is explained. Variations in several power quality parameters in the intended IM drive for 0% and 100% loading conditions are demonstrated. A simulation is conducted by using MATLAB/Simulink software, and a prototype is built with a field programmable gate array (FPGA) Spartan-6 processor. Simulation results are correlated with the experimental results obtained from a 0.5 HP IM drive prototype with speed feedback and a voltage/frequency (V/f) control strategy. The proposed AFE topology using SLC is suitable for three-phase IM drives, considering the supply end PF, the DC-link voltage and current, the total harmonic distortion (THD) in supply current, and the speed response of IM.

키워드

Active front end;DC-link fluctuations;Induction motor drives;PI controller;Total harmonic distortion

참고문헌

  1. X. Du, L. Zhou, H. Lu, and H. M. Tai, “DC link active power filter for three-phase diode rectifier,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., Vol. 59, No. 3, pp. 1430–1442, Mar. 2012. https://doi.org/10.1109/TIE.2011.2167112
  2. B.-R. Lin and C.-C. Chien, “Interleaved boost-flyback converter with boundary conduction mode for power factor correction,” Journal of Power Electronics, Vol. 12, No. 5, pp. 708-714, Sep. 2012. https://doi.org/10.6113/JPE.2012.12.5.708
  3. J.-W. Shin, B.-C. Hyeon, and B.-H. Cho, “Digital control of a power factor correction boost rectifier using diode current sensing technique,” Journal of Power Electronics, Vol. 9, No. 6, pp.903-910, Nov. 2009.
  4. M. Lucanu, O. Ursaru, C. Aghion, and N. Lucanu, “Single-phase direct AC-AC boost converter,” Advances in Electrical and Computer Engineering, Vol. 14, No. 3, pp. 107-112, 2014. https://doi.org/10.4316/AECE.2014.03014
  5. S. Sajeev and A. Mathew, "Novel cost effective induction motor drive with bridgeless PFC and four switch inverter," in International Conference on Emerging Trends in Communication, Control, Signal Processing & Computing Applications(C2SPCA), pp. 1-6, Oct. 2013.
  6. R. Maheshwari,S. Munk-Nielsen, and K. Lu, “An active damping technique for small DC-link capacitor based drive system,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Informat., Vol. 9, No. 2, pp. 848-858, May 2013. https://doi.org/10.1109/TII.2012.2222036
  7. F. Fleming, O. Vodyakho, C. S. Edrington, and M. Steurer, "Influence of DC-link fluctuations on three-phase induction motor drives," in IEEE Vehicle Power and Propulsion Conference, pp.748-753, Sep. 2009.
  8. M. Hinkkanen and J. Luomi, “Induction motor drives equipped with diode rectifier and small DC-link capacitance,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., Vol. 55, No. 1, pp. 312–320, Jan. 2008. https://doi.org/10.1109/TIE.2007.903959
  9. K. Jalili, N. Weitendorf, and S. Bernet, “Behavior of PWM active front ends in the presence of parallel thyristor converters, IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., Vol. 55, No. 3, pp.1035-1046, Mar. 2008 https://doi.org/10.1109/TIE.2008.917079
  10. N. Mendez-Gomez, O. Bousono, R. Castaneyra, and E. I. Ortiz-Rivera, "Development of a low cost induction motor drive system using a PVM, boost converter and three-phase inverter," in IEEE 38th Photovoltaic Specialists Conference(PVSC), pp. 001348-001351, Jun. 2012.
  11. F. L. Luo, “Six self lift DC-DC converters, voltage lift technique,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., Vol. 48, No. 6, pp. 1268-1272, Dec. 2001. https://doi.org/10.1109/41.969408
  12. J. V. Caracas, G. C. Farias, L. F. Teixeira, and L. A. Ribeiro, “Implementation of a high-efficiency, high-lifetime, and low-cost converter for an autonomous photovoltaic water pumping system,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl., Vol. 50, No. 1, pp. 631 – 641, Jan. /Feb. 2014. https://doi.org/10.1109/TIA.2013.2271214
  13. F. L. Luo and H. Ye, Advanced Dc/DC Converters, CRC Press, Chapter 3, London, 2003.
  14. F. L. Luo and H. Ye, “Positive output super-lift converters,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., Vol. 18, No. 1, pp.105-113, Jan. 2003. https://doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2002.807198
  15. K. R. Kumar and S. Jeevananthan, “PI control for positive output elementary super lift luo converter,” International Journal of Electrical, Computer, Energetic Electronic and Communication Engineering, Vol. 4, No. 3, pp. 544-549, 2010.
  16. L. Moran, J. Espinoza, M. Ortiz, J. Rodriguez, and J. Dixon, "Practical problems associated with the operation of ASDs based on active front end converters in power distribution systems," in IEEE Industry Applications Conference, Vol. 4, pp. 2568-2572, Oct. 2004.
  17. F. L. Luo, "Luo-converters: A series of new DC-DC step-up (boost) conversion circuits," in Proceeding of International Conference on Power Electronics and Drive Systems, Vol. 2, pp. 882-888, May 1997.
  18. P. Mattavelli, L. Rossetto, and G. Spiazzi, “Small signal analysis of DCDC converter with sliding mode control,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., Vol. 12, No. 1, pp. 96-102, Jan. 1997. https://doi.org/10.1109/63.554174
  19. Y. Panov, J. Rajagopalan, and F. C. Lee, "Analysis and control design of N paralleled DC-DC converters with master-slave current sharing control," in Proceeding of Applied Power Electronics Conference, pp. 436-442, 1997.
  20. P. Comines and N. Munro, "PID controllers: Recent tuning methods and design to specification," in Proceeding of IEE Control Theory and Applications, Vol. 149, No. 1, pp. 46-53, Jan. 2002. https://doi.org/10.1049/ip-cta:20020103
  21. M. H. V. Reddy and V. Jegathesan, "Open loop V/f control of induction motor based on hybrid PWM with reduced torque ripple," in International Conference on Emerging Trends in Electrical and Computer Technology(ICETECT), pp. 331-336, Mar. 2011.
  22. C. S. Kamble, J. G. Chaudhari, and M. V. Aware, "Digital signal processor based V/F controlled induction motor drive," in 3rd International Conference on Emerging Trends in Engineering and Technology(ICETET), pp. 345-349, Nov. 2010.
  23. A. M. Hava, R. J. Kerman, and T. A. Lipo “Carrier-based PWM-VSI over modulation strategies: Analysis, comparison and design,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., Vol. 13, No. 4, pp. 674-689, Jul. 1998. https://doi.org/10.1109/63.704136
  24. A. Belkheiri, M. Belkheiri, S. Aoughellanet, and A. Rabhi, "FPGA implementation of configurable three-phase SPWM module," in 2nd International Conferenceon Communications, Computing and Control Applications(CCCA), pp. 1-5, Dec. 2012.