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Anatomical Characteristics of Paulownia tomentosa Root Wood

Qi, Yue;Jang, Jaehyuk;Hidayat, Wahyu;Lee, Aehee;Park, Sehwi;Lee, Seunghwan;Kim, Namhun

  • Received : 2016.01.15
  • Accepted : 2016.02.25
  • Published : 2016.03.25

Abstract

This study investigated several anatomical characteristics of Paulownia tomentosa roots. The root wood was separated into three parts from stem base (top, middle, and base) at different positions below ground. Qualitative anatomical data suggested that the growth rings in earlywood and latewood were structurally different. Furthermore, the root wood vessels were found having 2 to 3 radial multiples and they were appeared in the form of clusters. In addition, some sheath cells and septate axial parenchyma were observed. Regarding the quantitative anatomical characteristics, vessel and ray numbers per $mm^2$, as well as ray width and height differed significantly among the top, middle, and base rood wood parts. However, there were no significant differences in vessel diameters, cell wall thickness, and width and length of wood fibers among those parts. The crystallinity of the root top part was slightly higher than that of the middle and base parts. Furthermore, the vessel numbers, ray numbers, and ray width and height in the near pith (NP) area were higher compared to those in the near bark (NB) area. However, the fiber width and fiber length at NP were lower than those at NB. Overall, this study demonstrated some significant differences in the anatomical characteristics of the top, middle, and base parts of root wood from Paulownia tomentosa.

Keywords

Paulownia tomentosa;root wood;wood anatomy

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Cited by

  1. Solid Bioenergy Properties of Paulownia tomentosa Grown in Korea vol.44, pp.6, 2016, https://doi.org/10.5658/WOOD.2016.44.6.890

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Kangwon National University