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Preparation of Cellulose Acetate Produced from Lignocellulosic Biomass

Jo, Jong-Soo;Jung, Ji Young;Byun, Ji-Hye;Lim, Bu-Kug;Yang, Jae-Kyung

  • Received : 2015.12.07
  • Accepted : 2016.03.12
  • Published : 2016.03.25

Abstract

Cellulose acetate is one of well-known industrial materials which have various commercial uses. We treated the lignocellulosic biomass using two-step (steam explosion-chemical) reaction followed by acetylation to get the cellulose acetate in this study. The two-step treatment was done to improve the yields of acetylation of the substrates. The yields of the cellulose acetate were about 88.4, 88.1, and 151.7% in barley straw, rice straw, and oak tree, respectively. Also the degree of substitution (DS) of the acetates was 2.1 to 2.5 in the biomass. We found that the biomass were valuable cellulosic sources, including their derivatives, in this study. This means that the biomass can be converted into the high-valued cellulosic stuff.

Keywords

cellulose acetate;lignocellulosic biomass;steam explosion;two-stage treatment;acetylation

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Acknowledgement

Supported by : Gyeongnam National University of Science and Technology