중온 침출수 재순환 혐기성 소화 시스템을 이용한 음식물류 폐기물 처리

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조찬휘;이병희;이용운
Cho, Chan-Hui;Lee, Byonghi;Lee, Yong-Woon

  • 투고 : 2016.02.17
  • 심사 : 2016.03.09
  • 발행 : 2016.03.30

초록

본 연구에서는 침출수 재순환 시스템을 적용한 중온 혐기성소화를 이용하여 음식물류 폐기물을 분해하여 메탄가스를 생산하였다. 실험은 $36^{\circ}C$로 유지되는 항온수조 내에 생물반응조와 침출수 저장조로 구성된 2개의 동일한 시스템(System A, System B)을 사용하였고, 생물반응조 하단 30 mm위에는 스크린이 있어 고액분리를 하여 침출수 저장조로 침출수를 이송하였다. 침출수 재순환은 매일 수행하였으며, 침출수 재순환 시에는 생물반응조 하단에서 침출수 저장조로 2.5 L를 30분간 이송한 뒤 다시 침출수 저장조에서 생물반응조 상부로 2.5 L를 30분간 주입하였다. 주입된 음식물류 폐기물은 수집되기 전 한 번 세척하였으며 반응조에 주입되기 전에 $36^{\circ}C$로 온도를 올렸다. System A에 49.1 g VS, System B에 54.0 g VS을 2주 간격으로 투입하였다. 저해인자로 측정된 항목은 $NH_4{^+}-N$과 염도였으며, 두 가지 항목의 농도 모두 시스템에 끼친 영향은 없는 것으로 나타났다. System A는 112일간, System B는 140일 동안 운전하였는데, 각 시스템에서 인발된 슬러지는 없었다. 음식물류 폐기물의 혐기성 소화를 통한 평균 메탄 발생량은 System A의 경우 0.439 L $CH_4/g$ VS, System B의 경우 0.368 L $CH_4/g$ VS로 나타났다.

키워드

침출수 재순환;음식물류 폐기물;혐기성 소화

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피인용 문헌

  1. 1. Comparison and Evaluation of Large-Scale and On-Site Recycling Systems for Food Waste via Life Cycle Cost Analysis vol.9, pp.12, 2017, doi:10.17137/korrae.2016.24.1.31