Test and Numerical Analysis for Penetration Residual Velocity of Bullet Considering Failure Strain Uncertainty of Composite Plates

복합판재의 파단 변형률 불확실성을 고려한 탄 관통 잔류속도에 대한 시험 및 수치해석

  • Cha, Myungseok (Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, Sejong Univ.) ;
  • Lee, Minhyung (School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Sejong Univ.)
  • 차명석 (세종대학교 기계공학과) ;
  • 이민형 (세종대학교 기계항공우주공학부)
  • Received : 2015.08.08
  • Accepted : 2016.01.14
  • Published : 2016.03.01


The ballistic performance data of composite materials is distributed due to material inhomogeneity. In this paper, the uncertainty in residual velocity is obtained experimentally, and a method of predicting it is established numerically for the high-speed impact of a bullet into laminated composites. First, the failure strain distribution was obtained by conducting a tensile test using 10 specimens. Next, a ballistic impact test was carried out for the impact of a fragment-simulating projectile (FSP) bullet with 4ply ([0/90]s) and 8ply ([0/90/0/90]s) glass fiber reinforced plastic (GFRP) plates. Eighteen shots were made at the same impact velocity and the residual velocities were obtained. Finally, simulations were conducted to predict the residual velocities by using the failure strain distributions that were obtained from the tensile test. For this simulation, two impact velocities were chosen at 411.7m/s (4ply) and 592.5m/s (8ply). The simulation results show that the predicted residual velocities are in close agreement with test results. Additionally, the modeling of a composite plate with layered solid elements requires less calculation time than modeling with solid elements.


Supported by : 국방과학연구소


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