A Study on the Airflow Characteristics of Court Type in Apartment Considering Daylight Environment

일조환경을 고려한 중정형 배치 주거단지의 기류특성에 관한 연구

  • Hyun, Eun-Mi ;
  • An, Kwang-Ho ;
  • Lee, Jae-Eun ;
  • Kim, Yong-Sik
  • 현은미 ;
  • 안광호 ;
  • 이재은 ;
  • 김용식
  • Received : 2015.12.31
  • Accepted : 2016.03.08
  • Published : 2016.03.30


Court-type apartment houses are a form that has a space called the courtyard, which surrounded by a household. Courtyard size is determined by the distance between apartment houses for assurance of the right of sunshine. Distance between apartment houses influence airflow of the courtyard and indoor environment. Therefore, it is necessary to study of livability and comfort in consideration of the airflow environment in order to be settled the court-type apartment houses. In this study, we analyze the planning method and criteria have been proposed in order to ensure good daylight environment of court-type apartments. After setting the standard model through the analysis, the air flow characteristics of the courtyard were analyzed the effect on the indoor air flow environment. The results of the study, court-type apartment houses must plan four or more generations in the short side in order to ensure good daylight environment. However, in order to ensure good ventilation performance of each generation due to the fairness of the air flow characteristics, it was found that the need to plan the fifth generation of short side can be. This may slightly different results depending on the number of floors and generation planar size but must plan for more than five lines, good daylight and air flow environment is determined to be able to provide for each generation.


Court Types;Physical Residential Environment;Airflow;Daylight Environment;Natural Ventilation


  1. Cho, C. (2005). A Study on the Planning of Wind Flow in Apartment Housing, Journal of the Urban Design Institute of Korea, 6(1), 25-45.
  2. Cho, J. (2012). A Comparative Study on Physical Residential Environments of Apartment Facing Southeast and Southwest Aspect Arrangement, Journal of the Korean Institute of Interior Design, 21(5), 272-279.
  3. Choi, D. (2010). A Study on the Planning of Multi-Family Residential Buildings considering Daylight, View and Natural Ventilation, Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, 30(3), 55-64.
  4. Jung, K. (2006). A Study on Indoor Airflow by the Effect of Apartment Building Floor Plan Type, Thesis, Konuk University
  5. Kang, G. (2003). A Simulation of the Perimeter block Housing's Daylight Environment, Journal of The UDIK, 18(4), 220-230.
  6. Kang, I. (2006). A Study on the Design Characteristics of Court Housing in Korea Case Study on the Competition Entries of Eunpyung Newtown, Journal of the Korean Housing Association, 17(5), 107-116
  7. Kim, J. (2008). The Evaluation and the Improvement of Natural Ventilation in Tower-type Apartment Housing with Block Arrangement and Floor Plan, Journal of the AIK Planning & Design, 24(3), 221-231
  8. Kim, Y. (2008). A Study on the Performance of Natural Ventilation according to their shapes and plane of multi-housing units, Thesis, Konkuk University.
  9. Park, S. (2006). A Study on the Charateristics of Court Housing Design in Korea, Thesis, Hannam University. Daejeon.
  10. Shin, J. (2004). A Study on the Site Planning of an Apartment Complex for Improving the Outdoor and Indoor Air Quality, Thesis, Yonsei University


Supported by : 건국대학교