The Association between Family Support, Activities of Daily Living and Depression among Hospitalized Older Patients with Chronic Diseases

만성질환 입원노인의 가족지지 및 일상생활 수행능력과 우울과의 관련성

  • Kim, Jeong Yi (Department of Public Health, Graduate School of Health Science, Chosun University) ;
  • Ryu, So Yeon (Department of Preventive Medicine, Chosun University Medical School) ;
  • Han, Mi Ah (Department of Preventive Medicine, Chosun University Medical School) ;
  • Choi, Seong Woo (Department of Preventive Medicine, Chosun University Medical School)
  • 김정이 (조선대학교 보건대학원 보건학과) ;
  • 류소연 (조선대학교 의과대학 예방의학교실) ;
  • 한미아 (조선대학교 의과대학 예방의학교실) ;
  • 최성우 (조선대학교 의과대학 예방의학교실)
  • Received : 2016.02.23
  • Accepted : 2016.03.21
  • Published : 2016.03.31


Purpose: This study was performed to identify the association between family support, activities of daily living (ADL) and depression among hospitalized older patients with chronic diseases. Methods: This study subjects were 100 elderly patients with chronic diseases including chronic respiratory diseases, diabetes mellitus and et al. in a general hospital. The collected data were patient characteristics, family support, ADL, and depression by structured questionnaire and medical chart review. The used statistical analyses were t-test, analysis of variance, Pearson's correlational analysis and multiple regression analysis. Results: The mean scores of family support, ADL and depression were $49.95{\pm}8.68$, $8.65{\pm}2.65$, $6.66{\pm}3.78$, respectively. The prevalence rate of depression was 64.0%. In simple analysis, the statistically significant associated factors with depression were age, spouse, economic status, social activity, subjective health status, and number of pain. Depression had statistically a significant positive correlation with ADL and a negative correlation with family support. The final result of hierarchial multiple regression analysis (Model 3), the factors related to depression were family support (b=-.135, p<.001), subjective health status (b=2.510, p=.001). Conclusions: It is necessary to develop and apply the program for controlling the depression of elderly patients with health education, reinforcement of supportive systems in hospital. And, further multidisciplinary studies should be done.


Activities of daily living;Depression;Elderly patients;Family support


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