Factors that affect the bite force measurement

교합력 측정에 영향을 주는 요인

  • Im, Ji-Ho (Department of Prosthodontics and Dental Research Institute, School of Dentistry, Seoul National University) ;
  • Lee, Wonsup (Department of Prosthodontics, Dental Hospital, St. Mary's Hospital of Catholic University of Korea) ;
  • Kim, Myung-Joo (Department of Prosthodontics and Dental Research Institute, School of Dentistry, Seoul National University) ;
  • Lim, Young-Jun (Department of Prosthodontics and Dental Research Institute, School of Dentistry, Seoul National University) ;
  • Kwon, Ho-Beom (Department of Prosthodontics and Dental Research Institute, School of Dentistry, Seoul National University)
  • 임지호 (서울대학교 치의학대학원 치과보철학교실 및 서울대학교 치학연구소) ;
  • 이원섭 (카톨릭대학교 서울성모병원 치과보철학교실) ;
  • 김명주 (서울대학교 치의학대학원 치과보철학교실 및 서울대학교 치학연구소) ;
  • 임영준 (서울대학교 치의학대학원 치과보철학교실 및 서울대학교 치학연구소) ;
  • 권호범 (서울대학교 치의학대학원 치과보철학교실 및 서울대학교 치학연구소)
  • Received : 2015.12.29
  • Accepted : 2016.03.07
  • Published : 2016.03.31


Mastication is the process to help digestion by chewing or grinding food. Masticatory system consists of maxilla, mandible, temporomandibular joints, ligaments, dentitions, and musculatures. Assessing the bite force can be one of the methods to estimate the masticatory system. Bite force is influenced by facial morphology, age, sex, periodontal status, temporomandibular joint disorder and dental condition, and so forth. In general, higher maximum bite force is seen in those who have a square-shaped face and in male rather than female. In addition, bite force tends to be increased by age 20, maintained constantly until age 40 - 50, and then decreased. Periodontal disease is known as a causative factor for decreased bite force while temporomandibular disorder (TMD) remains controversial as to whether it affects the force. The status of teeth is considered as an important factor to determine the maximum bite force.


bite force;bite force recording devices;bite force analysis


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