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교합력 측정에 영향을 주는 요인

Factors that affect the bite force measurement

  • 임지호 (서울대학교 치의학대학원 치과보철학교실 및 서울대학교 치학연구소) ;
  • 이원섭 (카톨릭대학교 서울성모병원 치과보철학교실) ;
  • 김명주 (서울대학교 치의학대학원 치과보철학교실 및 서울대학교 치학연구소) ;
  • 임영준 (서울대학교 치의학대학원 치과보철학교실 및 서울대학교 치학연구소) ;
  • 권호범 (서울대학교 치의학대학원 치과보철학교실 및 서울대학교 치학연구소)
  • Im, Ji-Ho (Department of Prosthodontics and Dental Research Institute, School of Dentistry, Seoul National University) ;
  • Lee, Wonsup (Department of Prosthodontics, Dental Hospital, St. Mary's Hospital of Catholic University of Korea) ;
  • Kim, Myung-Joo (Department of Prosthodontics and Dental Research Institute, School of Dentistry, Seoul National University) ;
  • Lim, Young-Jun (Department of Prosthodontics and Dental Research Institute, School of Dentistry, Seoul National University) ;
  • Kwon, Ho-Beom (Department of Prosthodontics and Dental Research Institute, School of Dentistry, Seoul National University)
  • 투고 : 2015.12.29
  • 심사 : 2016.03.07
  • 발행 : 2016.03.31

초록

저작은 음식을 잘게 부수어 소화작용이 원활하게 진행될 수 있도록 돕는 행위이다. 이러한 저작계는 상하악골, 악관절, 인대, 치아 및 근육으로 구성된다. 교합력은 이러한 저작계를 평가하는 한 가지 수단이다. 교합력은 얼굴형태, 나이, 성별, 치주질환, 측두하악장애, 치아 상태 등에 의해 영향을 받는다. 최대교합력은 방형(square form)의 얼굴이 높으며 일반적으로 남자가 여성보다 높다. 또한 20세정도까지 증가하며 그 이후부터 40 - 50세까지 거의 일정하게 유지되다가 감소하는 경향을 보인다. 치주질환이 있을 경우 교합력 감소에 영향을 주며 측두하악장애의 경우 교합력의 영향에 논란이 있다. 치아의 상태가 최대교합력에 영향을 미치는 중요한 인자로 생각된다.

키워드

교합력;교합력 측정장치;교합력 분석

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