Novel Algicidal Substance (Naphthoquinone Group) from Bio-derived Synthetic Materials against Harmful Cyanobacteria, Microcystis and Dolichospermum

유해 남조류 Microcystis와 Dolichospermum에 대하여 선택적 제어가 가능한 생물유래 살조물질 (Naphthoquinone 계열)

Joo, Jae-Hyoung;Cho, Hoon;Han, Myung-Soo

  • Received : 2016.03.07
  • Accepted : 2016.03.20
  • Published : 2016.03.31


We developed a biologically-derived substance naphthoquinone (NQ) derivate for the eco-safe mitigation of harmful cyanobacteria blooms such as Microcystis and Dolichospermum. NQ was reacted with various substituents ($R_n$) to produce different NQ derivatives. We tested a total of 92 algicidal compounds based on the algicidal activity of Microcystis and Dolichospermum. 22 compounds of NQ were selected as candidates (algicidal activity >80% at $1{\mu}M$). Among them, NQ 40 compound showed the highest algicidal activity of 99.6% and 100% at the optimal concentration of $1{\mu}M$ on Microcystis and Dolichospermum, respectively. No algicidal effects of NQ 40 ($1{\mu}M$) were observed against non-target algae such as Stephanodiscus, Cyclotella and Peridinium. According to the results of acute eco-toxicity assessment, the $EC_{50}$ values of NQ 40 compound for Selenastrum capricornutum and Daphnia magna were 3.2 and $14.5{\mu}M$, respectively, and the $LC_{50}$ for Danio rerio was $15.7{\mu}M$. In addition, for D. magna chronic eco-toxicity assessment, no toxicity toward survival, growth and reproduction was observed. Therefore, we suggested the NQ 40 ($1{\mu}M$) compound as an alternative eco-safe algicidal substance to effectively mitigate harmful cyanobacteria blooms.


Algicide;Eco-friendly mitigate;Harmful cyanobacteria blooms;Naphthoquinone derivative


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