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The effects of balance training on balance pad and sand on balance and gait ability in stroke patients

밸런스 패드와 모래에서의 균형운동이 뇌졸중 환자의 균형과 보행에 미치는 영향

  • Song, Gui-bin (Department of Physical Therapy, Yeungnam University college) ;
  • Park, Eun-cho (Department of Rehabilitation Science, Daegu University Graduate School)
  • 송귀빈 (영남이공대학교 물리치료과) ;
  • 박은초 (대구대학교대학원 재활과학과)
  • Received : 2015.09.19
  • Accepted : 2015.11.04
  • Published : 2016.02.29

Abstract

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of balance training on balance pad and sand on balance and gait ability in stroke patients. METHODS: Sixty stroke patients were divided into a Balance Pad group(BPG, N = 20), a Sand group (SG, N = 20) and a Hard Ground group (HGG, N = 20) randomly. The subjects in the Hard Ground group stood in a comfortable position, faced a therapist, then threw a Swiss ball back and forth. They then performed balance training in which they raised and lowered their ankles while facing forward or moved objects from one table to another. The BPG performed same tasks in HGG, on an unstable surface using a balance pad. The SG performed same tasks on sand ground. All groups received training 30min per day, five times per week, for eight weeks. RESULTS: After intervention, all groups showed significant increases balance and gait components. And the BPG and the SG showed significant increase in weight distribution rate, Sway length and BBS compared with the HGG, but there was no significant difference in Cadence, Stride length among three groups. CONCLUSION: According to the results of this study, balance training on unstable surface using balance pad and sand was more effective in improving balance in stroke patients.

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