DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Green Tea (-)-Epigallotocatechin-3-Gallate Induces PGC-1α Gene Expression in HepG2 Cells and 3T3-L1 Adipocytes

  • Received : 2015.10.07
  • Accepted : 2016.01.05
  • Published : 2016.03.31

Abstract

Green tea (Camellia sinensis) is one of the most popular beverages in the world and has been acknowledged for centuries as having significant health benefits. (-)-Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) is the most abundant catechin in green tea, and it has been reported to have health benefit effects. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor ${\gamma}$ coactivator $(PGC)-1{\alpha}$ is a crucial regulator of mitochondrial biogenesis and hepatic gluconeogenesis. The objective of this study was to investigate whether EGCG from green tea can affect the ability of transcriptional regulation on $PGC-1{\alpha}$ mRNA expression in HepG2 cells and 3T3-L1 adipocytes. To study the molecular mechanism that allows EGCG to control $PGC-1{\alpha}$ expression, the promoter activity levels of $PGC-1{\alpha}$ were examined. The $PGC-1{\alpha}$ mRNA level was measured using quantitative real-time PCR. The -970/+412 bp of $PGC-1{\alpha}$ promoter was subcloned into the pGL3-Basic vector that includes luciferase as a reporter gene. EGCG was found to up-regulate the $PGC-1{\alpha}$ mRNA levels significantly with $10{\mu}mol/L$ of EGCG in HepG2 cells and differentiated 3T3-L1 adipocytes. $PGC-1{\alpha}$ promoter activity was also increased by treatment with $10{\mu}mol/L$ of EGCG in both cells. These results suggest that EGCG may induce $PGC-1{\alpha}$ gene expression, potentially through promoter activation.

Keywords

EGCG;$PGC-1{\alpha}$;promoter activity;HepG2 cells;3T3-L1 adipocytes

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Acknowledgement

Supported by : National Research Foundation of Korea