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Isolation and Characterization of the Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacterium, Arthrobacter scleromae SYE-3 on the Yam Growth

식물성장촉진근권미생물 Arthrobacter scleromae SYE-3의 분리 및 Yam (Dioscorea japonica Thunb.) 성장에 미치는 영향 연구

  • Hong, Sun Hwa (Department of Environmental and Energy Engineering, The University of Suwon) ;
  • Kim, Ji Seul (Department of Environmental and Energy Engineering, The University of Suwon) ;
  • Sim, Jun Gyu (Department of Environmental and Energy Engineering, The University of Suwon) ;
  • Lee, Eun Young (Department of Environmental and Energy Engineering, The University of Suwon)
  • 홍선화 (수원대학교 환경에너지공학과) ;
  • 김지슬 (수원대학교 환경에너지공학과) ;
  • 심준규 (수원대학교 환경에너지공학과) ;
  • 이은영 (수원대학교 환경에너지공학과)
  • Received : 2015.12.14
  • Accepted : 2016.03.03
  • Published : 2016.03.31

Abstract

In this study, Arthrobacter scleromae SYE-3, which was isolated from indigenous plant in a subtropical region, Neigeria, with plant growth promoting activity was evaluated to determine the optimal culture condition. A bacterial strain SYE-3 had the IAA productivity ($89.15{\pm}0.36mg/L$) and ACC deaminase activity ($0.20{\pm}0.06$ at 72 hours). Also, optimal culture conditions such as temperature and pH of strain SYE-3 were $20^{\circ}C$ and 10 in LB medium, respectively. Strain SYE-3 had up to 3% salt tolerance in the LB medium. Plant growth promoting ability of strain SYE-3 using yam (Dioscorea japonica Thunb.) was evaluated. As a result, strain SYE-3 had showed very powerful effect on the increase of the shoot length and root biomass of yam (190.0% and 282.41% increase for 112 days, respectively). These results indicated that Arthrobacter scleromae SYE-3 can serve as a promising microbial resource for the biofertilizers of subtropical crops.

Keywords

ACC;IAA;Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria;Subtropical crops;Yam

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Korea Ministry of Environment (MOE)

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