Comparison Study of O/D Estimation Methods for Building a Large-Sized Microscopic Traffic Simulation Network: Cases of Gravity Model and QUEEENSOD Method

대규모 미시교통시뮬레이션모형 구축을 위한 O/D 추정 방법 성능 비교 - 중력모형과 QUEENSOD 방법을 중심으로 -

Yoon, Jung Eun;Lee, Cheol Ki;Lee, Hwan Pil;Kim, Kyung Hyun;Park, Wonil;Yun, Ilsoo

  • Received : 2015.02.16
  • Accepted : 2016.03.17
  • Published : 2016.04.14


PURPOSES : The aim of this study was to compare the performance of the QUEENSOD method and the gravity model in estimating Origin-Destination (O/D) tables for a large-sized microscopic traffic simulation network. METHODS : In this study, an expressway network was simulated using the microscopic traffic simulation model, VISSIM. The gravity model and QUEENSOD method were used to estimate the O/D pairs between internal and between external zones. RESULTS: After obtaining estimations of the O/D table by using both the gravity model and the QUEENSOD method, the value of the root mean square error (RMSE) for O/D pairs between internal zones were compared. For the gravity model and the QUEENSOD method, the RMSE obtained were 386.0 and 241.2, respectively. The O/D tables estimated using both methods were then entered into the VISSIM networks and calibrated with measured travel time. The resulting estimated travel times were then compared. For the gravity model and the QUEENSOD method, the estimated travel times showed 1.16% and 0.45% deviation from the surveyed travel time, respectively. CONCLUSIONS : In building a large-sized microscopic traffic simulation network, an O/D matrix is essential in order to produce reliable analysis results. When link counts from diverse ITS facilities are available, the QUEENSOD method outperforms the gravity model.


gravity model;QUEENSOD method;O/D estimation;microscopic traffic simulation model;genetic algorithm


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Supported by : 아주대학교, 한국연구재단(NRF)