DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Cigarette Smoking among Adolescents aged 13-15 in Viet Nam and Correlates of Current Cigarette Smoking: Results from GYTS 2014 Data

Le, Thi Huong;Nga, Thi Thu Vu;Nguyen, Ngoc Dung;Le, Thi Thanh Xuan;Kim, Bao Giang;Phan, Thi Hai;Doan, Thu Huyen;Luong, Ngoc Khue;Nguyen, Tuan Lam;Hoang, Van Minh;Pham, Thi Quynh Nga

  • Published : 2016.04.14

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to report the rate of current and ever cigarette smoking and explore correlates of current cigarette smoking among adolescents aged 13-15 in Viet Nam. This analysis was derived from GYTS survey, which comprised of 3,430 adolescents aged 13-15, conducted in 2014 in 13 cities and provinces of Viet Nam. We calculated the weighted rates of current and ever cigarette smoking and reported patterns of smoking behavior. We also performed logistic regression to explore correlates of current cigarette smoking behavior. The weighted rate of ever cigarette smoking was 9.5% (95% confidence interval (CI): 8.5 %-10.5%), in which the weighted rate among males (15.4%; 95% CI: 13.6%-17.0%) was higher than that among females (4.2%; 95% CI: 3.3%-5.1%). The weighted rate of current cigarette smoking was relatively low at 2.5% (95%CI: 2.0%-3.0%) with higher weighted rate among males (4.9%; 95% CI: 3.8%-5.9%) compared to the corresponding figure among females (0.2%; 95% CI: 0.0 %-0.5%). Current cigarette smoking was significantly higher among males than females, in students aged 15 versus 13 years old, and in students who had several or all close friends smoking and students with daily observation of smoking at school. For greater smoking reduction outcomes, we recommend that tobacco interventions for adolescents should consider targeting more male students at older ages, establish stricter adherence to school-based banning of cigarette smoking, engage both smoking and nonsmoking adolescents and empower adolescents to resist peer smoking influence as well as changing their norms or beliefs towards smoking benefits.

Keywords

Cigarette smoking;adolescents;Viet Nam;correlates;GYST 2014

References

  1. Al-Sheyab N, Alomari MA, Shah S, et al (2014). Prevalence, patterns and correlates of cigarette smoking in male adolescents in northern Jordan, and the influence of waterpipe use and asthma diagnosis: a descriptive cross-sectional study. Int J Environ Res Public Health, 11, 9008-23. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph110909008
  2. Atari DO (2014). Gender differences in the prevalence and determinants of tobacco use among school-aged adolescents (11-17 years) in Sudan and South Sudan. Pan Afr Med J, 18, 118.
  3. Bates MN, Khalakdina A, Pai M, et al (2007). Risk of tuberculosis from exposure to tobacco smoke: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Arch Intern Med, 167, 335-42. https://doi.org/10.1001/archinte.167.4.335
  4. Bui TV, Blizzard L, Luong KN, et al (2015). Declining prevalence of tobacco smoking in Vietnam. Nicotine Tob Res, 17, 831-8. https://doi.org/10.1093/ntr/ntu202
  5. Filippidis FT, Agaku IT, Vardavas CI (2015). The association between peer, parental influence and tobacco product features and earlier age of onset of regular smoking among adults in 27 European countries. Eur J Public Health, 25, 814-8. https://doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/ckv068
  6. Forey BA, Thornton AJ, Lee PN (2011). Systematic review with meta-analysis of the epidemiological evidence relating smoking to COPD, chronic bronchitis and emphysema. BMC Pulm Med, 11, 36. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2466-11-36
  7. Giang KB, Minh HV, Hai PT, et al (2016). Methodology for the Global Youth Tobacco Use survey (GYST), Vietnam, 2014. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 17 Tobacco Prevention and Control in Viet Nam Suppl, 11-15.
  8. Giovannucci E (2001). An updated review of the epidemiological evidence that cigarette smoking increases risk of colorectal cancer. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev, 10, 725-31.
  9. Grundy SM, Greenland P, Herd A, et al (1987). Cardiovascular and risk factor evaluation of healthy American adults. A statement for physicians by an Ad Hoc Committee appointed by the Steering Committee, American Heart Association. Circulat, 75, 1340-62.
  10. Hosmer DW 2013. Applied Logistic Regression, Hoboken, Hoboken : Wiley.
  11. Huang C, Koplan J, Yu S, et al (2013). Smoking experimentation among elementary school students in China: influences from peers, families, and the school environment. PLoS One, 8, 73048. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0073048
  12. Iakunchykova OP, Andreeva TI, Nordstrom DL, et al (2015). The impact of early life stress on risk of tobacco smoking initiation by adolescents. Addict Behav, 50, 222-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2015.06.014
  13. Ilmarinen P, Tuomisto LE, Kankaanranta H (2015). Phenotypes, risk factors, and mechanisms of adult-onset asthma. Mediators Inflamm, 2015, 514868.
  14. Jawad M, McIver C, Iqbal Z (2014). Prevalence and correlates of lifetime waterpipe, cigarette, alcohol and drug use among secondary school students in Stoke-on-Trent, UK: a post hoc cross-sectional analysis. J Public Health (Oxf), 36, 615-21. https://doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fdu002
  15. Kumar V, Talwar R, Roy N, et al (2014). Psychosocial determinants of tobacco use among school going adolescents in Delhi, India. J Addict, 2014, 170941.
  16. Lin HH, Ezzati M, Murray M (2007). Tobacco smoke, indoor air pollution and tuberculosis: a systematic review and metaanalysis. PLoS Med, 4, 20. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.0040020
  17. Madarasova Geckova A, Stewart R, van Dijk JP, et al (2005). Influence of socio-economic status, parents and peers on smoking behaviour of adolescents. Eur Addict Res, 11, 204-9. https://doi.org/10.1159/000086403
  18. Okagua J, Opara P, Alex-Hart BA (2015). Prevalence and determinants of cigarette smoking among adolescents in secondary schools in Port Harcourt, Southern Nigeria. Int J Adolesc Med Health.
  19. Park S, Kim J (2015). Association between smoking and suicidal behaviors among adolescents in the republic of Korea. J Addict Nurs, 26, 175-83. https://doi.org/10.1097/JAN.0000000000000095
  20. Rao S, Aslam SK, Zaheer S, et al (2014). Anti-smoking initiatives and current smoking among 19,643 adolescents in South Asia: findings from the global youth tobacco survey. Harm Reduct J, 11, 8. https://doi.org/10.1186/1477-7517-11-8
  21. Roberts ME, Colby SM, Jackson KM (2015). What predicts early smoking milestones? J Stud Alcohol Drugs, 76, 256-66. https://doi.org/10.15288/jsad.2015.76.256
  22. Sasco AJ, Secretan MB, Straif K (2004). Tobacco smoking and cancer: a brief review of recent epidemiological evidence. Lung Cancer, 45, 3-9.
  23. Shaikh MA (2014). Prevalence, correlates, and changes in tobacco use between 2006 and 2010 among 13-15 year Moroccan school attending adolescents. J Pak Med Assoc, 64, 1306-9.
  24. Shiue I (2015). Self and environmental exposures to drinking, smoking, gambling or video game addiction are associated with adult hypertension, heart and cerebrovascular diseases, allergy, self-rated health and happiness: Japanese General Social Survey, 2010. Int J Cardiol, 181, 403-12. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2014.12.071
  25. Sirichotiratana N, Sovann S, Aditama TY, et al (2008). Linking data to tobacco control program action among students aged 13-15 in Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) member states, 2000-2006. Tob Control, 17, 372-8. https://doi.org/10.1136/tc.2007.024190
  26. So ES, Yeo JY (2015). Factors associated with early smoking initiation among Korean adolescents. Asian Nurs Res, 9, 115-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anr.2015.05.002
  27. Subramaniam M, Shahwan S, Fauziana R, et al (2015). Perspectives on smoking initiation and maintenance: a qualitative exploration among Singapore youth. Int J Environ Res Public Health, 12, 8956-70. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph120808956
  28. Svansdottir E, Arngrimsson SA, Sveinsson T, et al (2015). Importance of physical health and health-behaviors in adolescence for risk of dropout from secondary education in young adulthood: an 8-year prospective study. Int J Equity Health, 14, 140. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12939-015-0272-x
  29. Tee GH, Kaur G (2014). Correlates of current smoking among Malaysian secondary school children. Asia Pac J Public Health, 26, 70-80. https://doi.org/10.1177/1010539514540468
  30. Torres A, Blasi F, Dartois N, et al (2015). Which individuals are at increased risk of pneumococcal disease and why? Impact of COPD, asthma, smoking, diabetes, and/or chronic heart disease on community-acquired pneumonia and invasive pneumococcal disease. Thorax, 70, 984-9. https://doi.org/10.1136/thoraxjnl-2015-206780
  31. Tran DT, Kosik RO, Mandell GA, et al (2013). Tobacco control in Vietnam. Public Health, 127, 109-18. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2012.11.012
  32. Van Minh H, Hai PT, Giang KB, et al (2011). Effects of individual characteristics and school environment on cigarette smoking among students ages 13-15: A multilevel analysis of the 2007 Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS) data from Vietnam. Glob Public Health, 6, 307-19. https://doi.org/10.1080/17441692.2010.517779
  33. Wang MP, Ho SY, Lo WS, et al (2012). Smoking is associated with poor self-rated health among adolescents in Hong Kong. Nicotine Tob Res, 14, 682-7. https://doi.org/10.1093/ntr/ntr266
  34. Warren CW, Jones NR, Peruga A, et al (2008). Global youth tobacco surveillance, 2000-2007. MMWR Surveill Summ, 57, 1-28.
  35. Woodgate RL, Busolo DS (2015). A qualitative study on Canadian youth’s perspectives of peers who smoke: an opportunity for health promotion. BMC Public Health, 15, 1301. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-015-2683-4
  36. Yue Y, Hong L, Guo L, et al (2015). Gender differences in the association between cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption and depressive symptoms: a cross-sectional study among Chinese adolescents. Sci Rep, 5, 17959. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep17959