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Identification of functional SNPs in genes and their effects on plant phenotypes

Huq, Md. Amdadul;Akter, Shahina;Nou, Ill Sup;Kim, Hoy Taek;Jung, Yu Jin;Kang, Kwon Kyoo

  • Received : 2016.03.18
  • Accepted : 2016.03.25
  • Published : 2016.03.31

Abstract

Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) is an abundant form of genetic variation within individuals of species. DNA polymorphism can arise throughout the whole genome at different frequencies in different species. SNP may cause phenotypic diversity among individuals, such as individuals with different color of plants or fruits, fruit size, ripening, flowering time adaptation, quality of crops, grain yields, or tolerance to various abiotic and biotic factors. SNP may result in changes in amino acids in the exon of a gene (asynonymous). SNP can also be silent (present in coding region but synonymous). It may simply occur in the noncoding regions without having any effect. SNP may influence the promoter activity for gene expression and finally produce functional protein through transcription. Therefore, the identification of functional SNP in genes and analysis of their effects on phenotype may lead to better understanding of their impact on gene function for varietal improvement. In this mini-review, we focused on evidences revealing the role of functional SNPs in genes and their phenotypic effects for the purpose of crop improvements.

Keywords

Functional SNPs;Genetic diversity;Phenotypic variation;Biotic and abiotic stresses

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Acknowledgement

Grant : Center for Horticultural Seed Development

Supported by : iPET