Functional analysis of the rice BRI1 receptor kinase

벼 Brassinosteroid Insensitive 1 Receptor Kinase의 기능에 관한 연구

Yeon, Jinouk;Kim, Hoy-Taek;Nou, Ill-Sup;Oh, Man-Ho

  • Received : 2016.03.12
  • Accepted : 2016.03.19
  • Published : 2016.03.31


Brassinosteroids (BRs) are essential plant steroid hormones required for cell elongation, plant growth, development and abiotic and biotic stress tolerance. BRs are recognized by BRI1 receptor kinase that is localized in the plasma membrane, and the BRI1 protein will eventually autophosphorylate in the intracellular domain and transphosphorylate BAK1, which is a co-receptor in Arabidopsis thaliana. However, little is known of the role OsBRI1 receptor kinase plays in Oryza sativa, monocotyledonous plants, compared to that in Arabidopsis thaliana, dicotyledonous plants. As such, we have studied OsBRI1 receptor kinase in vitro and in vivo with recombinant protein and transgenic plants, whose phenotypes were also investigated. A OsBRI1 cytoplasmic domain (CD) recombinant protein was induced in BL21 (DE3) E.coli cells with IPTG, and purified to obtain OsBRI1 recombinant protein. Based on Western blot analysis with phospho-specific pTyr and pThr antibodies, OsBRI1 recombinant protein and OsBRI1-Flag protein were phosphorylated on Threonine residue(s), however, not on Tyrosine residue(s), both in vitro and in vivo. This is particularly intriguing as AtBRI1 protein was phosphorylated on both Ser/Thr and Tyr residues. Also, the OsBRI1 full-length gene was expressed in, and rescued, bri1-5 mutants, such as is seen in normal wild-type plants where AtBRI1-Flag rescues bri1-5 mutant plants. Root growth in seedlings decreased in Ws2, AtBRI1, and 3 independent OsBRI1 transgenic seedlings and had an almost complete lack of response to brassinolide in the bri1-5 mutant. In conclusion, OsBRI1, an orthologous gene of AtBRI1, can mediate normal BR signaling for plant growth and development in Arabidopsis thaliana.


Brassinosteroids;Autophosphorylation;Receptor kinase;Oryza sativa;Arabidopsis thaliana


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Grant : Center for Horticultural Seed Development

Supported by : National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF), Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs (MAFRA), Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries(MOF), Rural Development Administration (RDA), Korea Forest Service (KFS)