Optimal Ccontrol Strategy of Cooling System for Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cell using Hardware-In-the-Loop Simulation

Hardware-In-the-Loop Simulation을 이용한 고분자 전해질 연료전지 냉각시스템 최적 제어기법 연구

Choi, Eunyeong;Ji, Hyunjin

  • Received : 2015.07.27
  • Accepted : 2015.01.12
  • Published : 2016.03.31


Polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell(PEMFC) requires cooling system to maintain the proper operating temperature(about $65^{\circ}C{\sim}75^{\circ}C$) because the efficiency and power are affected by operating temperature. In order to retain the operating temperature of PEMFC, cooling system and coolant control logic are needed. Hardware-in-the-loop simulation(HILS) is one of effective methods to study and evaluate control algorithm. In this paper, the HILS system was designed to study the coolant control algorithm. The models of HILS system consisted of PEMFC, heat exchanger, and external environment associated with temperature. The hardwares in HILS system are 3-way valves, pumps, and a heat exchanger. The priority control and the control target temperature were investigated to improve the control performance using HILS. The 3-way valve in $1^{st}$ cooling circuit was selected as priority control target. The under limit value of $2^{nd}$ 3-way valve set as a function of PEMFC power and $2^{nd}$ circuit coolant temperature to correct temperature control performance. As a result, the temperature of PEMFC is stably controlled.


Polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell;coolant control;Hardware-In-the-Loop simulation


  1. Ryan O'Hayre, Suk-Won Cha, Whitney Colella, Fritz B. Prinz, "Fuel Cell Fundamentals", WILEY
  2. J-W. Ahn, S-Y. Choe,: "Coolant controls of a PEM fuel cell system", Journal of Power Sources, Vol, 179, 252-264, (2008)
  3. R.M. Moor, K.H. Hauer, G. Randolf, M. Virji, "Fuel cell hardware-in-loop" Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 162, 302-308, (2006)
  4. Thomas H. Bradley, Blake A. Moffitt, Dimitri N. Mavris, Thomas F. Fuller, David E. Parekh, "Hardware- in-the-Loop Testing of a Fuel Cell Aircraft Powerplant", Journal of Profulsion and Power, Vol. 25, No. 6, Nov.-Dec., 1336-1344, (2009)
  5. Lucia Gauchia, Javier Sanz, "A Per-Unit Hardware- in-the-Loop Simulation of a Fuel Cell/Battery Hybrid Energy System", IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, Vol. 57, No. 4, Apr, 1186-1194, (2010)
  6. Sampath Yerramalla, Asad Davari, Ali Feliachi, Tamal Biswas, "Modeling and simulation of the dynamic behavior of a polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell", Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 124, 104-113, (2003)
  7. Zijad Lemes, Andreas Vath, Th. Hartkopf, H. Mancher, "Dynamic fuel cell models and their application in hardware in the loop simulation", Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 154, 386-393, (2006)
  8. Fei Gao, Benjamin Blunier, Marcelo Godoy Simoes, Abdellatif Miraoui, "PEM Fuel Cell Stack Modeling for Real-Time Emulation in Hardwarein- the-Loop Applications", IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, Vol. 26, No. 1, Mar, 184-194, (2011)
  9. Jay T. Pukrushpan, Anna G. Stefanopoulou, Huei Peng, "Control of Feul Cell Power Systems", Springer
  10. M. Prithiviraj, M. J. Andrews, "Three Dimensional Numerical Simulation of Shell-and-Tube Heat exchangers. Part I: Foundation and Fluid Mechanics", Numerical Heat Transfer, Part A: Applications : An International Journal of Computation and Methodology, Vol. 33, No. 8, 799-816, (1998)
  11. T. Kuppan, "Heat Exchanger Design Handbook", Marcel Dekker, Inc.
  12. John H. Lienhard IV, John H. Lienhard V, "A Heat Transfer Textbook", Phlogiston Press


Grant : 핵심기술

Supported by : 국방과학연구소