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Nutritional Components and Antioxidant Activity of Dry Bitter Melon (Momordica charantia L.)

건여주의 영양성분 및 항산화 활성 효과

  • Lee, Youn Ri (Department of Food and Nutrition, Daejeon Health Sciences College)
  • 이연리 (대전보건대학교 식품영양과)
  • Received : 2015.12.08
  • Accepted : 2016.02.16
  • Published : 2016.04.30

Abstract

This study investigated the nutritional components and antioxidant activity of dry bitter melon (Momordica charantia L.). The moisture, crude protein, crude fat, crude ash, carbohydrate, and ascorbic acid contents of dry bitter melon were 6.10%, 3.31%, 1.08%, 2.31%, 87.20%, and 908.84 mg/100 g, respectively. Potassium was the most abundant mineral, followed by Mg, P, Na, Ca, Zn, Cu, and Mn, which means dry bitter melon was an alkali material. Regarding amino acid contents, dry bitter melon was rich in arginine, urea, asparagine, ${\gamma}-aminobutyric$ acid, and alanine. Total polyphenol and total flavonoid contents of dry bitter melon extract were 36.08 mg gallic acid equivalents/extract g and 15.66 mg tannic acid equivalents/extract g, respectively. The $IC_{50}$ value for 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical scavenging activity was 9.81 mg/mL for dry bitter melon ethanol extracts.

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